Contribution of the -455G/A polymorphism at β-fibrinogen gene and of the Leiden mutation to hemorheological parameters in ischemic stroke patients

Endre Pongrácz, Hajnalka Andrikovics, Márta Csornai, Iván S. Bernát, Zoltán Nagy

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Abstract

The concentration of plasma fibrinogen (FIB) is an important factor in the coagulation cascade and also in the determination of blood and plasma viscosity depending on both genetic and acquired factors. The -455G/A polymorphism of the β-FIB gene is connected to the plasma concentration of FIB but the effect of Leiden mutation on hemorheological parameters is unclear. The two genetic polymorphisms were studied by polymerase chain reaction in healthy subjects and ischemic stroke cohort and the effects on the concentration of plasma FIB, whole blood and plasma viscosity of patients as well. A total of 278 ischemic stroke patients and 173 control subjects were enrolled. Marcro-rheological parameters as plasma FIB concentration, whole blood viscosity (90 sec-1 shear rate) and plasma viscosity have been measured also in the subgroup of young (age < 50 years) and in a subgroup of non-smoker patients. Results: No significant difference was found in the prevalency of H1/H2 genotype between controls and cases in pooled stroke group OR 0.95 (95% CI: 0.47-1.27), however H2/H2 genotype frequency was increased in young subgroup of patients (OR: 1.66 95% CI: 0.52-5.25). Plasma FIB concentration was increased both in the total cohort (p < 0.05) and in the non-smoker subgroup (p < 0.03) of patients carried H2/H2 as compared to H1/H1 genotype and the prevalence was increased in the group of patients having plasma FIB concentration >4 g/l (p < 0.05). The whole blood viscosity was elevated in the H2/H2 group as compared to the group carrying wild type (p < 0.03). A tendency of increased plasma viscosity in the group of patients with H2/H2 genotype as compared to wild type was found (p = 0.07). Leiden mutation prevalence showed an increased risk OR: 1.67 (95% CI: 0.75-3.70) in the young patients group as compared to controls. In patients who have had the highest plasma viscosity, higher frequency of Leiden mutation was detected as compared to wild type, in total group (p = 0.01), in young patients (p = 0.03) and in subgroup of non-smoker patients (p = 0.05). Conclusions: Our findings support the notion that the homozigous variant of β-FIB gene can raise both plasma FIB concentration and whole blood viscosity. Leiden mutation connected to the elevation of plasma viscosity could demonstrate a new pathway of increased thrombophylic potential in ischemic stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalClinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Volume35
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006

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Keywords

  • -445 β-fibrinogen
  • Blood viscosity
  • Genetic polymorphisms
  • Hemorheology
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Leiden mutation
  • Plasma viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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