Contribution of noradrenergic and adrenergic cell groups of the brainstem and agouti-related protein-synthesizing neurons of the arcuate nucleus to neuropeptide-Y innervation of corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the rat

Tamás Füzesi, Gábor Wittmann, Z. Liposits, Ronald M. Lechan, Csaba Fekete

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Abstract

CRH-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) integrate neuronal and hormonal inputs and serve as a final common pathway to regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. One of the neuronal regulators of CRH neurons is neuropeptide Y (NPY) contained in axons that densely innervate CRH neurons. The three main sources of NPY innervation of the PVN are the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and the noradrenergic and adrenergic neurons of the brainstem. To elucidate the origin of the NPY-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons, quadruple-labeling immunocytochemistry for CRH, NPY, dopamine-β-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase was performed. Approximately 63% of NPY-IR varicosities on the surface of CRH neurons were catecholaminergic (22% noradrenergic and 41% adrenergic), and 37% of NPY-IR boutons were noncatecholaminergic. By triple-labeling immunofluorescence detection of NPY, CRH, and agouti-related protein, a marker of NPY axons projecting from the arcuate nucleus, the noncatecholaminergic, NPY-ergic axon population was shown to arise primarily from the arcuate nucleus. When NPY was administered chronically into the cerebral ventricle of fed animals, a dramatic reduction of CRH mRNA was observed in the PVN (NPY vs. control integrated density units, 23.9 ± 2.7 vs. 77.09 ± 15.9). We conclude that approximately two thirds of NPY-IR innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons originates from catecholaminergic neurons of the brainstem, whereas the remaining one third arises from the arcuate nucleus. The catecholaminergic NPY innervation seems to modulate the activation of CRH neurons in association with glucoprivation and infection, whereas the NPY input from the arcuate nucleus may contribute to inhibition of CRH neurons during fasting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5442-5450
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrinology
Volume148
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

Fingerprint

Agouti-Related Protein
Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Neuropeptide Y
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Adrenergic Agents
Brain Stem
Neurons
Axons
Adrenergic Neurons
Phenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase
Cerebral Ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{b1b93ffcf35b4e45b9cf2d777cc88ca6,
title = "Contribution of noradrenergic and adrenergic cell groups of the brainstem and agouti-related protein-synthesizing neurons of the arcuate nucleus to neuropeptide-Y innervation of corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the rat",
abstract = "CRH-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) integrate neuronal and hormonal inputs and serve as a final common pathway to regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. One of the neuronal regulators of CRH neurons is neuropeptide Y (NPY) contained in axons that densely innervate CRH neurons. The three main sources of NPY innervation of the PVN are the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and the noradrenergic and adrenergic neurons of the brainstem. To elucidate the origin of the NPY-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons, quadruple-labeling immunocytochemistry for CRH, NPY, dopamine-β-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase was performed. Approximately 63{\%} of NPY-IR varicosities on the surface of CRH neurons were catecholaminergic (22{\%} noradrenergic and 41{\%} adrenergic), and 37{\%} of NPY-IR boutons were noncatecholaminergic. By triple-labeling immunofluorescence detection of NPY, CRH, and agouti-related protein, a marker of NPY axons projecting from the arcuate nucleus, the noncatecholaminergic, NPY-ergic axon population was shown to arise primarily from the arcuate nucleus. When NPY was administered chronically into the cerebral ventricle of fed animals, a dramatic reduction of CRH mRNA was observed in the PVN (NPY vs. control integrated density units, 23.9 ± 2.7 vs. 77.09 ± 15.9). We conclude that approximately two thirds of NPY-IR innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons originates from catecholaminergic neurons of the brainstem, whereas the remaining one third arises from the arcuate nucleus. The catecholaminergic NPY innervation seems to modulate the activation of CRH neurons in association with glucoprivation and infection, whereas the NPY input from the arcuate nucleus may contribute to inhibition of CRH neurons during fasting.",
author = "Tam{\'a}s F{\"u}zesi and G{\'a}bor Wittmann and Z. Liposits and Lechan, {Ronald M.} and Csaba Fekete",
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T1 - Contribution of noradrenergic and adrenergic cell groups of the brainstem and agouti-related protein-synthesizing neurons of the arcuate nucleus to neuropeptide-Y innervation of corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the rat

AU - Füzesi, Tamás

AU - Wittmann, Gábor

AU - Liposits, Z.

AU - Lechan, Ronald M.

AU - Fekete, Csaba

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N2 - CRH-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) integrate neuronal and hormonal inputs and serve as a final common pathway to regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. One of the neuronal regulators of CRH neurons is neuropeptide Y (NPY) contained in axons that densely innervate CRH neurons. The three main sources of NPY innervation of the PVN are the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and the noradrenergic and adrenergic neurons of the brainstem. To elucidate the origin of the NPY-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons, quadruple-labeling immunocytochemistry for CRH, NPY, dopamine-β-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase was performed. Approximately 63% of NPY-IR varicosities on the surface of CRH neurons were catecholaminergic (22% noradrenergic and 41% adrenergic), and 37% of NPY-IR boutons were noncatecholaminergic. By triple-labeling immunofluorescence detection of NPY, CRH, and agouti-related protein, a marker of NPY axons projecting from the arcuate nucleus, the noncatecholaminergic, NPY-ergic axon population was shown to arise primarily from the arcuate nucleus. When NPY was administered chronically into the cerebral ventricle of fed animals, a dramatic reduction of CRH mRNA was observed in the PVN (NPY vs. control integrated density units, 23.9 ± 2.7 vs. 77.09 ± 15.9). We conclude that approximately two thirds of NPY-IR innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons originates from catecholaminergic neurons of the brainstem, whereas the remaining one third arises from the arcuate nucleus. The catecholaminergic NPY innervation seems to modulate the activation of CRH neurons in association with glucoprivation and infection, whereas the NPY input from the arcuate nucleus may contribute to inhibition of CRH neurons during fasting.

AB - CRH-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) integrate neuronal and hormonal inputs and serve as a final common pathway to regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. One of the neuronal regulators of CRH neurons is neuropeptide Y (NPY) contained in axons that densely innervate CRH neurons. The three main sources of NPY innervation of the PVN are the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and the noradrenergic and adrenergic neurons of the brainstem. To elucidate the origin of the NPY-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons, quadruple-labeling immunocytochemistry for CRH, NPY, dopamine-β-hydroxylase, and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase was performed. Approximately 63% of NPY-IR varicosities on the surface of CRH neurons were catecholaminergic (22% noradrenergic and 41% adrenergic), and 37% of NPY-IR boutons were noncatecholaminergic. By triple-labeling immunofluorescence detection of NPY, CRH, and agouti-related protein, a marker of NPY axons projecting from the arcuate nucleus, the noncatecholaminergic, NPY-ergic axon population was shown to arise primarily from the arcuate nucleus. When NPY was administered chronically into the cerebral ventricle of fed animals, a dramatic reduction of CRH mRNA was observed in the PVN (NPY vs. control integrated density units, 23.9 ± 2.7 vs. 77.09 ± 15.9). We conclude that approximately two thirds of NPY-IR innervation to hypophysiotropic CRH neurons originates from catecholaminergic neurons of the brainstem, whereas the remaining one third arises from the arcuate nucleus. The catecholaminergic NPY innervation seems to modulate the activation of CRH neurons in association with glucoprivation and infection, whereas the NPY input from the arcuate nucleus may contribute to inhibition of CRH neurons during fasting.

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