Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development

A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles

Maxine P. Bonham, Emeir M. Duffy, Paula J. Robson, Julie M. Wallace, Gary J. Myers, Philip W. Davidson, Tom W. Clarkson, Conrad F. Shamlaye, J. J. Strain, B. Livingstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To characterise the diets of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles and to determine the contribution of fish to intakes of nutrients important for fetal and neonatal development. Design: Observational, prospective study. Setting: Seychelles Child Development Centre, Mahé, Republic of Seychelles. Subjects and methods: Pregnant women (n 300) were recruited at their first visit to an antenatal clinic. At 28 weeks' gestation subjects completed a 4 d diet diary (n 273) and intakes were analysed using dietary analysis software. Results: Mean (sd) energy intake was 9.0 (2.5) MJ/d and fat intakes were higher than UK recommendations for almost two-thirds of the cohort. Fish consumption was lower than in previous surveys, suggesting a move towards a more Westernised diet. Low intakes of a number of nutrients important during pregnancy for fetal development (Fe, Zn, Se and iodine) were observed. However, women who met the current recommendations for these nutrients consumed significantly more fish than those who did not (97 v. 73 g/d). Conclusions: The present study highlights the importance of fish in the diet of pregnant Seychellois women for ensuring adequate intakes of micronutrients important in fetal development. Dietary patterns in Seychelles, however, are in a state of transition, with a move towards a Western-style diet as evidenced by higher fat and lower fish intakes. If these dietary trends continue and fish consumption declines further, micronutrient status may be compromised. These findings suggest caution in establishing public health policies that promote limitation of fish intake during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1320
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Seychelles
Micronutrients
Fetal Development
Pregnant Women
Fishes
Diet
Food
Pregnancy
Fats
Public Policy
Health Policy
Child Development
Surveys and Questionnaires
Energy Intake
Iodine
Observational Studies
Software
Public Health
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Fish
  • Micronutrients
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development : A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles. / Bonham, Maxine P.; Duffy, Emeir M.; Robson, Paula J.; Wallace, Julie M.; Myers, Gary J.; Davidson, Philip W.; Clarkson, Tom W.; Shamlaye, Conrad F.; Strain, J. J.; Livingstone, B.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 9, 09.2009, p. 1312-1320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bonham, MP, Duffy, EM, Robson, PJ, Wallace, JM, Myers, GJ, Davidson, PW, Clarkson, TW, Shamlaye, CF, Strain, JJ & Livingstone, B 2009, 'Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development: A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1312-1320. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898000800387X
Bonham, Maxine P. ; Duffy, Emeir M. ; Robson, Paula J. ; Wallace, Julie M. ; Myers, Gary J. ; Davidson, Philip W. ; Clarkson, Tom W. ; Shamlaye, Conrad F. ; Strain, J. J. ; Livingstone, B. / Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development : A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2009 ; Vol. 12, No. 9. pp. 1312-1320.
@article{ea3bf4da6bdc41b1befb41a07276de98,
title = "Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development: A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles",
abstract = "Objectives: To characterise the diets of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles and to determine the contribution of fish to intakes of nutrients important for fetal and neonatal development. Design: Observational, prospective study. Setting: Seychelles Child Development Centre, Mah{\'e}, Republic of Seychelles. Subjects and methods: Pregnant women (n 300) were recruited at their first visit to an antenatal clinic. At 28 weeks' gestation subjects completed a 4 d diet diary (n 273) and intakes were analysed using dietary analysis software. Results: Mean (sd) energy intake was 9.0 (2.5) MJ/d and fat intakes were higher than UK recommendations for almost two-thirds of the cohort. Fish consumption was lower than in previous surveys, suggesting a move towards a more Westernised diet. Low intakes of a number of nutrients important during pregnancy for fetal development (Fe, Zn, Se and iodine) were observed. However, women who met the current recommendations for these nutrients consumed significantly more fish than those who did not (97 v. 73 g/d). Conclusions: The present study highlights the importance of fish in the diet of pregnant Seychellois women for ensuring adequate intakes of micronutrients important in fetal development. Dietary patterns in Seychelles, however, are in a state of transition, with a move towards a Western-style diet as evidenced by higher fat and lower fish intakes. If these dietary trends continue and fish consumption declines further, micronutrient status may be compromised. These findings suggest caution in establishing public health policies that promote limitation of fish intake during pregnancy.",
keywords = "Diet, Fish, Micronutrients, Pregnancy",
author = "Bonham, {Maxine P.} and Duffy, {Emeir M.} and Robson, {Paula J.} and Wallace, {Julie M.} and Myers, {Gary J.} and Davidson, {Philip W.} and Clarkson, {Tom W.} and Shamlaye, {Conrad F.} and Strain, {J. J.} and B. Livingstone",
year = "2009",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1017/S136898000800387X",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1312--1320",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contribution of fish to intakes of micronutrients important for fetal development

T2 - A dietary survey of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles

AU - Bonham, Maxine P.

AU - Duffy, Emeir M.

AU - Robson, Paula J.

AU - Wallace, Julie M.

AU - Myers, Gary J.

AU - Davidson, Philip W.

AU - Clarkson, Tom W.

AU - Shamlaye, Conrad F.

AU - Strain, J. J.

AU - Livingstone, B.

PY - 2009/9

Y1 - 2009/9

N2 - Objectives: To characterise the diets of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles and to determine the contribution of fish to intakes of nutrients important for fetal and neonatal development. Design: Observational, prospective study. Setting: Seychelles Child Development Centre, Mahé, Republic of Seychelles. Subjects and methods: Pregnant women (n 300) were recruited at their first visit to an antenatal clinic. At 28 weeks' gestation subjects completed a 4 d diet diary (n 273) and intakes were analysed using dietary analysis software. Results: Mean (sd) energy intake was 9.0 (2.5) MJ/d and fat intakes were higher than UK recommendations for almost two-thirds of the cohort. Fish consumption was lower than in previous surveys, suggesting a move towards a more Westernised diet. Low intakes of a number of nutrients important during pregnancy for fetal development (Fe, Zn, Se and iodine) were observed. However, women who met the current recommendations for these nutrients consumed significantly more fish than those who did not (97 v. 73 g/d). Conclusions: The present study highlights the importance of fish in the diet of pregnant Seychellois women for ensuring adequate intakes of micronutrients important in fetal development. Dietary patterns in Seychelles, however, are in a state of transition, with a move towards a Western-style diet as evidenced by higher fat and lower fish intakes. If these dietary trends continue and fish consumption declines further, micronutrient status may be compromised. These findings suggest caution in establishing public health policies that promote limitation of fish intake during pregnancy.

AB - Objectives: To characterise the diets of pregnant women in the Republic of Seychelles and to determine the contribution of fish to intakes of nutrients important for fetal and neonatal development. Design: Observational, prospective study. Setting: Seychelles Child Development Centre, Mahé, Republic of Seychelles. Subjects and methods: Pregnant women (n 300) were recruited at their first visit to an antenatal clinic. At 28 weeks' gestation subjects completed a 4 d diet diary (n 273) and intakes were analysed using dietary analysis software. Results: Mean (sd) energy intake was 9.0 (2.5) MJ/d and fat intakes were higher than UK recommendations for almost two-thirds of the cohort. Fish consumption was lower than in previous surveys, suggesting a move towards a more Westernised diet. Low intakes of a number of nutrients important during pregnancy for fetal development (Fe, Zn, Se and iodine) were observed. However, women who met the current recommendations for these nutrients consumed significantly more fish than those who did not (97 v. 73 g/d). Conclusions: The present study highlights the importance of fish in the diet of pregnant Seychellois women for ensuring adequate intakes of micronutrients important in fetal development. Dietary patterns in Seychelles, however, are in a state of transition, with a move towards a Western-style diet as evidenced by higher fat and lower fish intakes. If these dietary trends continue and fish consumption declines further, micronutrient status may be compromised. These findings suggest caution in establishing public health policies that promote limitation of fish intake during pregnancy.

KW - Diet

KW - Fish

KW - Micronutrients

KW - Pregnancy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69749085180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=69749085180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S136898000800387X

DO - 10.1017/S136898000800387X

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 1312

EP - 1320

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 9

ER -