Contribution of calcium and other dietary components to global variations in bone mineral density in young adults

R. M. Parr, A. Dey, E. V. McCloskey, N. Aras, A. Balogh, A. Borelli, S. Krishnan, G. Lobo, L. L. Qin, Y. Zhang, S. Cvijetic, V. Zaichick, M. Lim-Abraham, K. Bose, S. Wynchank, G. V. Iyengar

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Abstract

A research project on comparative international studies of osteoporosis using isotope techniques was organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with the participation of 12 countries (Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Croatia, Hungary, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey, and the United Kingdom). Participating centers in 11 countries (all but the UK) made measurements and collected data on men and women aged 15 to 49 years. In addition to studies of bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine using DEXA, anthropometric, lifestyle, and nutritional data were also collected. The results of the nutritional studies are reviewed in this paper. Overall, about 8% of the observed variability in spine BMD could be attributed to nutritional factors in men and women; in men, no such relationship could be determined. No single nutritional component (not even calcium) stood out as being of particular importance across all participating centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalFood and Nutrition Bulletin
Volume23
Issue number3 SUPP
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Calcium intake
  • Osteoporosis
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Parr, R. M., Dey, A., McCloskey, E. V., Aras, N., Balogh, A., Borelli, A., Krishnan, S., Lobo, G., Qin, L. L., Zhang, Y., Cvijetic, S., Zaichick, V., Lim-Abraham, M., Bose, K., Wynchank, S., & Iyengar, G. V. (2002). Contribution of calcium and other dietary components to global variations in bone mineral density in young adults. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 23(3 SUPP), 180-184.