Objectives. Endoscopic sphincterotomy has become a generally accepted method for extracting common bile duct stones in high risk or cholecystectomized patients. However, stone extraction is impossible by the usual methods in 5 to 10% of cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a recently developed solvent system in patients with large bile duct stones. Methods. Forty four patients (15 men and 29 women, median age 61 years) underwent contact dissolution after unsuccessful Dormia extraction. Solvents were administered via a nasobiliary catheter in 41 patients following papillotomy and through a T-tube in 3 patients. Solvent mixtures (26 mM ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, 40 mM sodium deoxycholate and 30% dimethyl sulfoxide in an alkaline aqueous solution; and a 70/30 dimethyl sulfoxide/methyl tert-butyl ether mixture) were infused continuously and alternatively for 2 hours. Results. Bile duct stones disappeared in 13-24 hours of infusion in 11 patients. In 29 patients, a clear reduction in stone volume occurred, allowing complete endoscopic extraction of the fragments. In 4 patients, the size of the stone did not change. Only mild and transient side-effects including abdominal pain (68 %), nausea (72%), vomiting (52%), diarrhea and sleepiness (50%) were observed. Conclusion. Direct dissolution therapy could be an effective method for the non-surgical management of large bile duct stones in selected patients when intra- or extracorporeal lithotripsy is unsuccessful.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 11 1997|
- Common bile duct
- Contact solvents
- Endoscopic sphincterotomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas