A three dimensional structural model of oligopeptidase B (OpB) was constructed by homology modeling. High resolution X-ray structure of prolyl oligopeptidase (PEP), the only protein with sequential and functional homology was used as a template. Initial models of OpB were built by the MODELLER and were analysed by the PROCHECK programs. The best quality model was chosen for further refinement by two different techniques - either constrained molecular dynamics simulations or simulated annealing calculations starting from 500 K. The overall quality of each of the refined models was evaluated and the simulated annealing procedure found to be more effective. The refined model was analysed by different protein analysis programs including PROCHECK for the evaluation of the Ramachandran plot quality, PROSA for testing interaction energies and WHATIF for the calculation of packing quality. This structure was found to be satisfactory and also stable at room temperature as demonstrated by a 300 ps long unconstrained molecular dynamics simulation. Calculation of molecular electrostatic potentials revealed that the binding site of OpB is more negative than that of PEP, in accordance with the experimentally observed selectivity of OpB towards proteolysis at dibasic sites. A recently developed Monte Carlo docking method was used provide a structural rationale for the affinity differences measured between Z-Arg and Z-Arg-Arg substrates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Materials Chemistry