Constraints on the thickness and seismic properties of the lithosphere in an extensional setting (Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field, Northern Pannonian Basin)

R. Klébesz, Z. Gráczer, Gy Szanyi, N. Liptai, I. Kovács, L. Patkó, Zs Pintér, Gy Falus, V. Wesztergom, Cs Szabó

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Abstract

The Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (NGVF) is one of the five mantle xenolith bearing alkaline basalt locations in the Carpathian Pannonian Region. This allows us to constrain the structure and properties (e.g. composition, current deformation state, seismic anisotropy, electrical conductivity) of the upper mantle, including the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) using not only geophysical, but also petrologic and geochemical methods. For this pilot study, eight upper mantle xenoliths have been chosen from Bárna-Nagykő, the southernmost location of the NGVF. The aim of this study is estimating the average seismic properties of the underlying mantle. Based on these estimations, the thickness of the anisotropic layer causing the observed average SKS delay time in the area was modelled considering five lineation and foliation end-member orientations. We conclude that a 142–333 km thick layer is required to explain the observed SKS anisotropy, assuming seismic properties calculated by averaging the properties of the eight xenoliths. It is larger than the thickness of the lithospheric mantle. Therefore, the majority of the delay time accumulates in the sublithospheric mantle. However, it is still in question whether a single anisotropic layer, represented by the studied xenoliths, is responsible for the observed SKS anisotropy, as it is assumed beneath the Bakony–Balaton Highland Volcanic Field (Kovács et al. 2012), or the sublithospheric mantle has different layers. In addition, the depths of the Moho and the LAB ($$25\,\pm \,5, 65\,\pm \,10\,\hbox {km}$$25±5,65±10km, respectively) were estimated based on S receiver function analyses of data from three nearby permanent seismological stations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
Pages (from-to)133-149
Number of pages17
JournalActa Geodaetica et Geophysica
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 26 2015

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Keywords

  • LAB
  • Lithospheric mantle
  • Mantle xenolith
  • Moho
  • S receiver functions
  • Seismic anisotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geophysics
  • Geology

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