Connectivity of the lobus parolfactorius of the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus): An anterograde and retrograde pathway tracing study

Andrea D. Székely, Margaret I. Boxer, Michael G. Stewart, András Csillag

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In 1–week‐old domestic chicks, the connectivity of the lobus parolfactorius (LPO), part of the avian basal ganglia, was investigated using Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin and horseradish peroxidase for anterograde and retrograde pathway tracing, respectively. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunocytochemistry was applied in combination with Phaseolus lectin to assess the overlap between LPO efferents and diencephalic and meseticephalic catecholamine centres. Anterograde projections from LPO were detected in the hyperstriatum, neostriatum, and paleostriatum. Intranuclear connections were also apparent within the LPO. Descending LPO efferents innervated the lateral mammillary and intramedial nuclei and the dorsomedial thalamic complex. Fibres from LPO were observed in the tectal gray, substantia nigra, area ventralis tegmentalis of Tsai, and the adjacent nucleus mesencephalicus profundus. Further caudally, projections from LPO reached the nucleus papillioformis, locus coeruleus, and subcoeruleus ventralis. LPO efferents were coextensive with tyrosine hydroxylase‐positive cells in the nuclei mamillaris lateralis and intramedialis of the hypothalamus, area ventralis tegmentalis, substantia nigra, locus coeruleus, and subcoeruleus ventralis of mesencephalic and pontine tegmentum. Close contacts between LPO fibres and catecholamine cells were visible in the nigra and the area ventralis tegmentalis. Retrograde labelling from LPO was found in the archistriatum, dorsomedial thalamic complex, nuclei lateralis anterior and superficialis parvicellularis thalami, substantia nigra, central gray, area ventralis tegmentalis of Tsai, and locus coeruleus and in cells dorsal to the decussation of brachium conjunctivum. Reciprocal connections were verified between the LPO and the following areas: dorsomedial thalamic complex, central gray, substantia nigra, area ventralis of Tsai, and locus coeruleus. © 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-393
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1994


  • Phaseolus vulgaris lectin
  • avian striatum
  • horseradish peroxidase
  • striatonigral system
  • tyrosine hydroxylase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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