Comprehensive search for the Θ+ pentaquark on the lattice

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Abstract

We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Θ+(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14×14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (≈2σ/6σ levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to mπ=400-630MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to mπ=135MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034506
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Pentaquark
parity
scattering
wave functions
quarks
operators
Parity
correlators
Scattering
Wave Function
angular momentum
quantum chromodynamics
Quarks
orbitals
Lattice QCD
Correlator
Operator
Angular Momentum
Bound States
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

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title = "Comprehensive search for the Θ+ pentaquark on the lattice",
abstract = "We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Θ+(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14×14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (≈2σ/6σ levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to mπ=400-630MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to mπ=135MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.",
author = "F. Csikor and Z. Fodor and S. Katz and T. Kov{\'a}cs and T{\'o}th, {B. C.}",
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AU - Csikor, F.

AU - Fodor, Z.

AU - Katz, S.

AU - Kovács, T.

AU - Tóth, B. C.

PY - 2006

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N2 - We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Θ+(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14×14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (≈2σ/6σ levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to mπ=400-630MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to mπ=135MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.

AB - We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Θ+(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14×14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (≈2σ/6σ levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to mπ=400-630MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to mπ=135MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.

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