Comprehensive characterisation of atmospheric aerosols in Budapest, Hungary: Physicochemical properties of inorganic species

Imre Salma, Willy Maenhaut, Éva Zemplén-Papp, Gyula Záray

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As part of an air pollution project in Budapest, aerosol samples were collected by stacked filter units and cascade impactors at an urban background site, two downtown sites, and within a road tunnel in field campaigns conducted in 1996, 1998 and 1999. Some criteria pollutants were also measured at one of the downtown sites. The aerosol samples were analysed by one or more of the following methods: instrumental neutron activation analysis, particle-induced X-ray emission analysis, a light reflection technique, gravimetry, thermal profiling carbon analysis and capillary electrophoresis. The quantities measured or derived include atmospheric concentrations of elements (from Na to U), of particulate matter, of black and elemental carbon, and total carbonaceous fraction, of some ionic species (e.g., nitrate and sulphate) in the fine (<2μm equivalent aerodynamic diameter, EAD) or in both coarse (10-2μm EAD) and fine size fractions, atmospheric concentrations of NO, NO2, SO2, CO and total suspended particulate matter, and meteorological parameters. The analytical results were used for characterisation of the concentration levels, elemental composition, time trends, enrichment of and relationships among the aerosol species in coarse and fine size fractions, for studying their fine-to-coarse concentration ratios, spatial and temporal variability, for determining detailed elemental mass size distributions, and for examining the extent of chemical mass closure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4367-4378
Number of pages12
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - Jul 30 2001



  • Aerosol properties
  • Chemical composition
  • Chemical mass closure
  • Mass size distribution
  • PM
  • Size-fractionated aerosols
  • Urban aerosol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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