Composition, morphology and electrical transport properties of Co-Pb electrodeposits

Katalin Neuróhr, Júlia Dégi, Lajos Pogány, Imre Bakonyi, Dániel Ungvári, Kálmán Vad, József Hakl, Ádám Révész, László Péter

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bath compositions were elaborated for the codeposition of Co and Pb by taking into account the chemical compatibility of Co 2+ and Pb 2+ with the appropriate anions. Electrolytes containing either acetate, chloride or nitrate anions were tested, but only the acetate bath proved to be appropriate for the preparation of compact Co-Pb films. Deposits were obtained with constant current, with constant potential or by using various current and potential pulses in order to investigate the possibility of multilayer formation. The variation in deposit composition as a function of the deposition parameters was elucidated by using cyclic voltammetry, current transient measurements and gravimetry. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns recorded for two-pulse plated deposits revealed a nanocrystalline structure with grain sizes in the range 5-20 nm. The XRD peaks could be well indexed to pure face-centered cubic Co and Pb, indicating that the Pb codeposited with Co is not dissolved in Co but is segregated. Both the d.c. - plated and the two-pulse plated deposits exhibited anisotropic magnetoresistance without an indication for a noticeable giant magnetoresistance contribution. This means that the observed magnetoresistance arises from spin-dependent electron scattering events dominantly within the sufficiently large Co regions and not along electron paths between two Co regions via the Pb regions. Low-temperature resistivity measurements revealed a superconducting transition slightly below that of pure Pb. This may be ascribed to a proximity effect: the ferromagnetic Co grains suppress somewhat the superconductivity of the Pb phase due to the nanoscale phase mixture of the two constituents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume545
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 25 2012

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Keywords

  • Co-Pb nanoscale mixture
  • Electrodeposition
  • Magnetoresistance
  • Superconductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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