One hundred eighteen surgical complications of 209 patients underwent 249 physiological and rate responsive pacemaker implantations are discussed. In 27.9% of total complications represented the dislodgement of atrial leads occurred particularly in the early period of the observation time which decreased significantly later in the second period of the survey. This high complication rate of bifocal pacemakers was found due to a high incidence of the generator preerosion beside the dislodgment of the atrial electrodes. Complication rate could be reduced by the improvement of surgical technics, and with the implantations of new types of leads and smaller generators, however the number of complications remained higher compared to the pacemaker systems with one lead. The implantation procedure of ventricular rate responsive pacemakers is simple, and significant improvement in working capacity could be observed by the restoration of the chronotropic capacity during exercise. Physiological and atrial rate responsive pacemakers provide many advantages in the hemodynamic state even at rest which exceed all disadvantage of the expected complications, which might occur.
|Translated title of the contribution||Complications from physiological and rate responsive pacemaker implantations|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 26 1993|
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