Complicated disease and response to initial therapy predicts early surgery in paediatric Crohn's disease: Results from the porto group growth study

on behalf of the Porto Group of ESPGHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: The ability to predict risk for poor outcomes in Crohn's disease [CD] would enable early treatment intensification. We aimed to identify children with CD with complications at baseline and throughout the study period who are at risk for surgery 2 years from diagnosis. Methods: Newly diagnosed children with CD were enrolled into a prospective, multicentre inception cohort. Disease characteristics and serological markers were obtained at baseline and week 12 thereafter. Outcome data including disease activity, therapies, complications and need for surgery were collected until the end of 104 weeks. A chi-square automatic interaction detection [CHAID] algorithm was used to develop a prediction model for early surgery. Results: Of 285 children enrolled, 31 [10.9%] required surgery within 2 years. Multivariate analysis identified stricturing disease at baseline (odds ratio [OR] 5.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.02-13.67 [p = 0.001]), and Paediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index [PCDAI] >10 at week 12 (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.02-1.10 [p = 0.005]) as key predictors for early surgery. CHAID demonstrated that absence of strictures at diagnosis [7.6%], corticosteroid-free remission at week 12 [4.1%] and early immunomodulator therapy [0.8%] were associated with the lowest risk of surgery, while stricturing disease at diagnosis [27.1%, p < 0.001] or elevated PCDAI at week 12 [16.7%, p = 0.014] had an increased risk of surgery at follow-up. Anti-OmpC status further stratified high-risk patients. Discussion: A risk algorithm using clinical and serological variables at diagnosis and week 12 can categorize patients into high- and low-risk groups from diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020



  • Crohn
  • Crohn's Disease inflammatory bowel disease
  • child
  • complications
  • relapse
  • serological markers
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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