Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement

Akos Pakozdy, Andrea Gruber, Sibylle Kneissl, Michael Leschnik, Peter Halasz, Johann G. Thalhammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seventeen cats were presented with acute onset of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement (salivation, facial twitching, lip smacking, chewing, licking or swallowing), motor arrest (motionless starring) and behavioural changes. In 11 cats hippocampal necrosis (HN) was confirmed by histopathology. In a further six cats hippocampal changes were suggested by magnetic resonance imaging. The mean monitoring time of eight cats which were not euthanased in the acute phase of the disease, was 408 days (60-908): four cats are still alive. In all surviving cases, the owners reported a good quality of life. We conclude that an acute cluster of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement are often associated with HN and that HN is not necessarily a fatal condition. Supportive and antiepileptic therapy can result in remission. The long-term outcome can be good to excellent; therefore, euthanasia should be avoided in the acute phase of the signs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-693
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

seizures
Seizures
Cats
cats
necrosis
Necrosis
anticonvulsants
Salivation
salivation
Euthanasia
Mastication
remission
Acute Disease
euthanasia
mastication
Deglutition
lips
Lip
quality of life
magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement. / Pakozdy, Akos; Gruber, Andrea; Kneissl, Sibylle; Leschnik, Michael; Halasz, Peter; Thalhammer, Johann G.

In: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 13, No. 10, 10.2011, p. 687-693.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pakozdy, A, Gruber, A, Kneissl, S, Leschnik, M, Halasz, P & Thalhammer, JG 2011, 'Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement', Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 687-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfms.2011.05.014
Pakozdy, Akos ; Gruber, Andrea ; Kneissl, Sibylle ; Leschnik, Michael ; Halasz, Peter ; Thalhammer, Johann G. / Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement. In: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 13, No. 10. pp. 687-693.
@article{71cdfd00fe35428a8d31bec6b14df760,
title = "Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement",
abstract = "Seventeen cats were presented with acute onset of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement (salivation, facial twitching, lip smacking, chewing, licking or swallowing), motor arrest (motionless starring) and behavioural changes. In 11 cats hippocampal necrosis (HN) was confirmed by histopathology. In a further six cats hippocampal changes were suggested by magnetic resonance imaging. The mean monitoring time of eight cats which were not euthanased in the acute phase of the disease, was 408 days (60-908): four cats are still alive. In all surviving cases, the owners reported a good quality of life. We conclude that an acute cluster of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement are often associated with HN and that HN is not necessarily a fatal condition. Supportive and antiepileptic therapy can result in remission. The long-term outcome can be good to excellent; therefore, euthanasia should be avoided in the acute phase of the signs.",
author = "Akos Pakozdy and Andrea Gruber and Sibylle Kneissl and Michael Leschnik and Peter Halasz and Thalhammer, {Johann G.}",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.jfms.2011.05.014",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "687--693",
journal = "Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery",
issn = "1098-612X",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Complex partial cluster seizures in cats with orofacial involvement

AU - Pakozdy, Akos

AU - Gruber, Andrea

AU - Kneissl, Sibylle

AU - Leschnik, Michael

AU - Halasz, Peter

AU - Thalhammer, Johann G.

PY - 2011/10

Y1 - 2011/10

N2 - Seventeen cats were presented with acute onset of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement (salivation, facial twitching, lip smacking, chewing, licking or swallowing), motor arrest (motionless starring) and behavioural changes. In 11 cats hippocampal necrosis (HN) was confirmed by histopathology. In a further six cats hippocampal changes were suggested by magnetic resonance imaging. The mean monitoring time of eight cats which were not euthanased in the acute phase of the disease, was 408 days (60-908): four cats are still alive. In all surviving cases, the owners reported a good quality of life. We conclude that an acute cluster of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement are often associated with HN and that HN is not necessarily a fatal condition. Supportive and antiepileptic therapy can result in remission. The long-term outcome can be good to excellent; therefore, euthanasia should be avoided in the acute phase of the signs.

AB - Seventeen cats were presented with acute onset of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement (salivation, facial twitching, lip smacking, chewing, licking or swallowing), motor arrest (motionless starring) and behavioural changes. In 11 cats hippocampal necrosis (HN) was confirmed by histopathology. In a further six cats hippocampal changes were suggested by magnetic resonance imaging. The mean monitoring time of eight cats which were not euthanased in the acute phase of the disease, was 408 days (60-908): four cats are still alive. In all surviving cases, the owners reported a good quality of life. We conclude that an acute cluster of complex partial seizures with orofacial involvement are often associated with HN and that HN is not necessarily a fatal condition. Supportive and antiepileptic therapy can result in remission. The long-term outcome can be good to excellent; therefore, euthanasia should be avoided in the acute phase of the signs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80053283842&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80053283842&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jfms.2011.05.014

DO - 10.1016/j.jfms.2011.05.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 21795088

AN - SCOPUS:80053283842

VL - 13

SP - 687

EP - 693

JO - Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

JF - Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

SN - 1098-612X

IS - 10

ER -