Complex forming competition and in-vitro toxicity studies on the applicability of di-2-pyridylketone-4,4,-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) as a metal chelator

Anikó Gaál, Gábor Orgován, Zsófia Polgári, Andrea Réti, Victor G. Mihucz, Szilvia Bosze, Norbert Szoboszlai, Christina Streli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Di-2-pyridylketone-4,4,-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) is a potential candidate in chelation therapy as an iron chelator. This study showed that a combined treatment with 2 μM easily available Fe(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) each and 5 μM Dp44mT on eight different cancer cell lines resulted in a 10-40-fold increase in the intracellular Cu content compared to control samples. The uptake of Cu and Cu-dependent cytotoxicity strictly depend on the Cu concentration of the culture medium. Even as low concentration of Dp44mT as 0.1 μM can transport high amounts of copper inside the cells. The Cu accumulation and toxicity through Dp44mT can hardly be influenced by Fe. Copper uptake and toxicity triggered by 2 μM extracellular Cu(II) and 5 μM Dp44mT could not be influenced by Fe(II) extracellular concentrations even 50-times higher than that of Cu(II). A 50-times higher Co(II) extracellular concentration hindered the Cu(II) uptake almost completely and a 10-times higher Co(II) concentration already decreased the Dp44mT-mediated Cu toxicity. Conditional complex stability constant determinations for Dp44mT with Cu(II), Co(II), Fe(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) revealed that the metal-to-ligand ratio is 1:1 in [Cu(II)Dp44mT] complex, while for Co(II), Fe(II) and Ni(II) is 1:2. The highest stability constant was obtained for Cu(II) (lg β = 7.08 ± 0.05) and Co(II) (lg β2 = 12.47 ± 0.07). According to our results, Dp44mT in combination with Cu is highly toxic in vitro. Therefore, the use of Dp44mT as an iron chelator is limited if biologically available Cu is also present even at low concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-58
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume130
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cancer therapy
  • Cobalt
  • Copper poisoning
  • Iron chelator
  • Metal transport
  • TXRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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