As the outcome of childhood cancer improved substantially during the last 3 decades, the attitude of pediatric oncology has changed from "cure at any cost" to "cure at least cost". We investigated factors affecting quality of life in long-term survivors of childhood cancer in the in- and outpatient clinics of the Department of Pediatric Hematology-oncology, Institute of Pediatrics, Medical and Health Science Center, Debrecen. As a part of a comprehensive follow-up care program, we focused our attention on nephrotoxicity, osteoporosis and on cardiovascular morbidity. For long-term survivors of childhood cancer sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic algorithms were developed that can help in guiding secondary and tertiary prevention programs, in addition to assessing accurately the condition of patients. We found that anti-cancer treatments, including some of the supportive interventions, have adverse effects on glomerular (10%) and tubular functions (37%), impair the balance of bone resorption and formation (69%) and increase the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors (62%) in a significant proportion of patients. Our data confirm and extend the findings of other investigators and cooperative groups. In conclusion, we consider it important that the treatment plans of high-risk patients with cancer should be aimed at preserving the anticancer potential of therapy, without enhancing the frequency and severity of complications. The presented "Debrecen model" may help in achieving this goal and in increasing quality of life of long-term survivors of childhood cancer.
|Translated title of the contribution||Complex assessment of late side effects affecting quality of life - The "Debrecen model"|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
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