Intravenous injection of hemoglobin-containing liposomes (LEH) caused a significant reduction in plasma hemolytic complement activity in rats on a time scale of minutes. Liposomes without hemoglobin also caused complement consumption, but less than LEH while free hemoglobin was without effect. Consistent with complement activation, the LEH-induced drop in plasma hemolytic complement activity was closely paralleled by an increase in plasma thromboxane B2 level. Studies to determine the mechanism of complement activation demonstrated the presence of natural antibodies in rat serum against all lipid components of LEH, thus, the potential for classical pathway activation. Yet, in vitro incubation of LEH with rat serum showed that: 1) EGTA/Mg++, which inhibits complement activation through the classical pathway, did not inhibit complement consumption by LEH, and 2) the use of serum preheated at 50°C, which inhibits C activation through the alternative pathway by selectively depleting factor B, effectively reversed the complement-consuming effect of LEH. Consequently, LEI-induced complement activation in rat serum seems to involve primarily the alternative pathway.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 30 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology