Comparison of two metal surveys by moss Tortula ruralis in Budapest, Hungary

Tamás Naszradi, András Badacsonyi, István Keresztényi, Dorina Podar, Zsolt Csintalan, Zoltán Tuba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Moss transplants of Tortula ruralis were used as active biomonitoring organisms as part of a monitoring study to assess the metals (Al, Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) associated with ambient particles on mosses in Budapest, the capital town of Hungary. The moss samples were collected in a nature conservation area from a semi-arid sand grassland (Festucetum vaginatae danubiale), less than 1 month before transplantation. Moss cushions were exposed to pollution in Budapest during October-November 1993 and February-March 1994. In the study area, 16 sites were marked out as measuring sites, in accordance with the structure of the city. A similar stand was established in the Botanical Gardens of the Szent István University in Gödöllö as a control site. ICP-AES analysis of moss for metals showed the ability of Tortula ruralis to accumulate the metals under study. Control site showed lower impact in comparison to the other sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007



  • Bioindication
  • Heavy metals
  • Moss
  • Tortula ruralis
  • Urban pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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