Background. - The mechanism underlying statin-induced event reduction in patients with acute coronary syndrome remains unclear. Aims. - To assess the efficacy of rosuvastatin 20 mg versus atorvastatin 80 mg in reducing the apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-1 (apoB/apoA-1) ratio at 3 months. Non-inferiority of rosuvastatin 20 mg versus atorvastatin 80 mg in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at 1 and 3 months was also assessed. Methods. -Patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome were enrolled into this randomized, double blind, parallel-group trial. Results. - In total, 753 patients (369, rosuvastatin 20 mg; 384, atorvastatin 80 mg) were included in the intention-to-treat analysis; 478 patients (226, rosuvastatin 20 mg; 252, atorvastatin 80 mg) were included in the per-protocol analysis. Rosuvastatin 20 mg was more effective than atorvastatin 80 mg in decreasing apoB/apoA-1 ratio at 1 month (-44.4% vs -42.9%, p = 0.02) but not at 3months (both -44.4%, p = 0.87). Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased by ∼50% after 1 and 3 months in both groups. Non-inferiority of rosuvastatin 20 mg versus atorvastatin 80mg was demonstrated at 1 month (difference, -0.3% [95% confidence interval, -2.7; +2.1]), but not at 3 months (+1.0% [-1.6; 3.5]) (intention-to-treat analysis). In the per-protocol analysis, non-inferiority of rosuvastatin 20 mg was demonstrated at both 1 (-0.7% [-3.5; 2.0]) and 3 (-0.5% [-3.5; 2.5]) months. Conclusion. - In patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, rosuvastatin 20 mg decreased apoB/apoA-1 ratio at 1 month more than atorvastatin 80 mg. No difference could be shown at 3 months; thus, the primary endpoint was not met.
- Acute coronary syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine