Comparison of the effects of epicardial and endocardial cardiac resynchronization therapy on transmural dispersion of repolarization

Emin Evren Özcan, Szabolcs Szilagyi, Zoltan Sallo, Levente Molnar, E. Zima, G. Széplaki, Istvan Osztheimer, Ali Öztürk, B. Merkely, L. Gellér

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Abstract

Background Despite significant improvements in cardiac output and functional capacity with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), incidence of sudden cardiac death still remains high. Reversal of physiological myocardial activation sequence during epicardial pacing increases the transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR). The aim of this study was to compare the effects of endocardial and epicardial biventricular pacing on repolarization parameters in the same patient group. Methods Seven patients who had transseptal endocardial left ventricle (LV) lead placement, in whom epicardial CRT had failed due to coronary sinus (CS) lead dislodgement after successful implantation, were admitted to the study. LV endocardial leads were implanted through the interatrial septum in a lateral position. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were scanned before and after successful epicardial and endocardial biventricular pacing and analyzed using digital calipers. ECG markers of TDR (TpTe and TpTe/QT ratio) were measured and compared. Results Baseline QRS durations (161.7 ± 15.9 ms vs 162.2 ± 17.8 ms, P = 0.95), TpTe values (107.1 ± 20.5 ms vs 108.5 ± 17.6 ms, P = 0.89), and TpTe/QT ratios (0.24 ± 0.05 vs 0.24 ± 0.03, P = 0.88) were similar before epicardial and endocardial CRT. QRS interval reduction was similar (-28.3 ± 11.6 ms vs -29.1 ± 11.4 ms, P = 0.89) in both groups. Compared to transseptal endocardial CRT, epicardial CRT was associated with a significant increase in TpTe (17.1 ± 19.5 ms vs -12.6 ± 18.9 ms, P = 0.01) and TpTe/QT ratio (0.03 ± 0.04 vs -0.02 ± 0.03, P = 0.04). Conclusion Transseptal LV endocardial pacing is associated with significant reduction in TDR characteristics compared to epicardial pacing in CRT. Further studies are warranted to determine whether these effects may contribute to reduction of arrhythmias in patients with CRT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1105
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

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Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Heart Ventricles
Electrocardiography
Coronary Sinus
Sudden Cardiac Death
Cardiac Output
Cardiac Arrhythmias

Keywords

  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • heart failure
  • transmural dispersion of repolarization
  • transseptal endocardial biventricular pacing
  • ventricular arrhythmias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Comparison of the effects of epicardial and endocardial cardiac resynchronization therapy on transmural dispersion of repolarization. / Özcan, Emin Evren; Szilagyi, Szabolcs; Sallo, Zoltan; Molnar, Levente; Zima, E.; Széplaki, G.; Osztheimer, Istvan; Öztürk, Ali; Merkely, B.; Gellér, L.

In: PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, Vol. 38, No. 9, 01.09.2015, p. 1099-1105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Özcan, Emin Evren ; Szilagyi, Szabolcs ; Sallo, Zoltan ; Molnar, Levente ; Zima, E. ; Széplaki, G. ; Osztheimer, Istvan ; Öztürk, Ali ; Merkely, B. ; Gellér, L. / Comparison of the effects of epicardial and endocardial cardiac resynchronization therapy on transmural dispersion of repolarization. In: PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology. 2015 ; Vol. 38, No. 9. pp. 1099-1105.
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abstract = "Background Despite significant improvements in cardiac output and functional capacity with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), incidence of sudden cardiac death still remains high. Reversal of physiological myocardial activation sequence during epicardial pacing increases the transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR). The aim of this study was to compare the effects of endocardial and epicardial biventricular pacing on repolarization parameters in the same patient group. Methods Seven patients who had transseptal endocardial left ventricle (LV) lead placement, in whom epicardial CRT had failed due to coronary sinus (CS) lead dislodgement after successful implantation, were admitted to the study. LV endocardial leads were implanted through the interatrial septum in a lateral position. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were scanned before and after successful epicardial and endocardial biventricular pacing and analyzed using digital calipers. ECG markers of TDR (TpTe and TpTe/QT ratio) were measured and compared. Results Baseline QRS durations (161.7 ± 15.9 ms vs 162.2 ± 17.8 ms, P = 0.95), TpTe values (107.1 ± 20.5 ms vs 108.5 ± 17.6 ms, P = 0.89), and TpTe/QT ratios (0.24 ± 0.05 vs 0.24 ± 0.03, P = 0.88) were similar before epicardial and endocardial CRT. QRS interval reduction was similar (-28.3 ± 11.6 ms vs -29.1 ± 11.4 ms, P = 0.89) in both groups. Compared to transseptal endocardial CRT, epicardial CRT was associated with a significant increase in TpTe (17.1 ± 19.5 ms vs -12.6 ± 18.9 ms, P = 0.01) and TpTe/QT ratio (0.03 ± 0.04 vs -0.02 ± 0.03, P = 0.04). Conclusion Transseptal LV endocardial pacing is associated with significant reduction in TDR characteristics compared to epicardial pacing in CRT. Further studies are warranted to determine whether these effects may contribute to reduction of arrhythmias in patients with CRT.",
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AU - Özcan, Emin Evren

AU - Szilagyi, Szabolcs

AU - Sallo, Zoltan

AU - Molnar, Levente

AU - Zima, E.

AU - Széplaki, G.

AU - Osztheimer, Istvan

AU - Öztürk, Ali

AU - Merkely, B.

AU - Gellér, L.

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N2 - Background Despite significant improvements in cardiac output and functional capacity with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), incidence of sudden cardiac death still remains high. Reversal of physiological myocardial activation sequence during epicardial pacing increases the transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR). The aim of this study was to compare the effects of endocardial and epicardial biventricular pacing on repolarization parameters in the same patient group. Methods Seven patients who had transseptal endocardial left ventricle (LV) lead placement, in whom epicardial CRT had failed due to coronary sinus (CS) lead dislodgement after successful implantation, were admitted to the study. LV endocardial leads were implanted through the interatrial septum in a lateral position. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were scanned before and after successful epicardial and endocardial biventricular pacing and analyzed using digital calipers. ECG markers of TDR (TpTe and TpTe/QT ratio) were measured and compared. Results Baseline QRS durations (161.7 ± 15.9 ms vs 162.2 ± 17.8 ms, P = 0.95), TpTe values (107.1 ± 20.5 ms vs 108.5 ± 17.6 ms, P = 0.89), and TpTe/QT ratios (0.24 ± 0.05 vs 0.24 ± 0.03, P = 0.88) were similar before epicardial and endocardial CRT. QRS interval reduction was similar (-28.3 ± 11.6 ms vs -29.1 ± 11.4 ms, P = 0.89) in both groups. Compared to transseptal endocardial CRT, epicardial CRT was associated with a significant increase in TpTe (17.1 ± 19.5 ms vs -12.6 ± 18.9 ms, P = 0.01) and TpTe/QT ratio (0.03 ± 0.04 vs -0.02 ± 0.03, P = 0.04). Conclusion Transseptal LV endocardial pacing is associated with significant reduction in TDR characteristics compared to epicardial pacing in CRT. Further studies are warranted to determine whether these effects may contribute to reduction of arrhythmias in patients with CRT.

AB - Background Despite significant improvements in cardiac output and functional capacity with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), incidence of sudden cardiac death still remains high. Reversal of physiological myocardial activation sequence during epicardial pacing increases the transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR). The aim of this study was to compare the effects of endocardial and epicardial biventricular pacing on repolarization parameters in the same patient group. Methods Seven patients who had transseptal endocardial left ventricle (LV) lead placement, in whom epicardial CRT had failed due to coronary sinus (CS) lead dislodgement after successful implantation, were admitted to the study. LV endocardial leads were implanted through the interatrial septum in a lateral position. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were scanned before and after successful epicardial and endocardial biventricular pacing and analyzed using digital calipers. ECG markers of TDR (TpTe and TpTe/QT ratio) were measured and compared. Results Baseline QRS durations (161.7 ± 15.9 ms vs 162.2 ± 17.8 ms, P = 0.95), TpTe values (107.1 ± 20.5 ms vs 108.5 ± 17.6 ms, P = 0.89), and TpTe/QT ratios (0.24 ± 0.05 vs 0.24 ± 0.03, P = 0.88) were similar before epicardial and endocardial CRT. QRS interval reduction was similar (-28.3 ± 11.6 ms vs -29.1 ± 11.4 ms, P = 0.89) in both groups. Compared to transseptal endocardial CRT, epicardial CRT was associated with a significant increase in TpTe (17.1 ± 19.5 ms vs -12.6 ± 18.9 ms, P = 0.01) and TpTe/QT ratio (0.03 ± 0.04 vs -0.02 ± 0.03, P = 0.04). Conclusion Transseptal LV endocardial pacing is associated with significant reduction in TDR characteristics compared to epicardial pacing in CRT. Further studies are warranted to determine whether these effects may contribute to reduction of arrhythmias in patients with CRT.

KW - cardiac resynchronization therapy

KW - heart failure

KW - transmural dispersion of repolarization

KW - transseptal endocardial biventricular pacing

KW - ventricular arrhythmias

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