Comparison of species-rich cover crop mixtures in the Tokaj wine region (Hungary)

Ádám Donkó, Tamás Miglécz, Orsolya Valkó, B. Tóthmérész, Balázs Deák, András Kelemen, Péter Török, Gábor Zanathy, György Zsigrai, Dóra Drexler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intensive agricultural practices of past decades—such as mechanical cultivation on steep vineyard slopes—can endanger soil fertility. In addition, climate change scenarios predict heavier rainstorms, which can further accelerate soil degradation. Therefore, the use of cover crops in the inter-row has a special importance, particularly on steep slopes and in organic agriculture. A species-rich cover crop mixture helps not only in preventing erosion and providing easier cultivation, but has also positive effects on soil structure, soil fertility and ecosystem functions (Bauer et al. 2004; Hofmann et al. 2008). We began to develop and test several species-rich cover crop mixtures in spring of 2012 in Hungarian vine regions. During the experiments, three species-rich cover crop mixtures (Biocont-Ecovin mixture, mixture of legumes, mixture of grasses and herbs) were compared in vineyards of the Tokaj vine region. Each mixture was sown in three subsequent inter-rows at each site of the experiment. In the control blocks, unsown inter-rows and mechanically cultivated inter-rows were located subsequently next to each other. We studied weed control, yield quantity and must quality in every treatment. We found that the cover of weeds was lower in every treatment compared to the unsown control plots for 2013; thus, cover crops suppressed the weeds of the inter-rows effectively. Most examined indices of grapevines were not significantly affected by the applied cover crops. However, the yield loss results show that under Hungarian climate, the soil coverage in every second inter-row is more recommendable than subsequent seeding, where total erosion control is not required. The interest of the vine growers shows the importance of the topic; thus, we involved other wine regions of Hungary in our further experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Agriculture
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

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seed mixtures
Hungary
Wine
cover crops
wines
Soil
vines
Fertility
vineyards
soil fertility
Weed Control
Organic Agriculture
weeds
Climate Change
Poaceae
Climate
Fabaceae
erosion control
soil degradation
Ecosystem

Keywords

  • Cover crop
  • Erosion
  • Organic
  • Vineyard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Comparison of species-rich cover crop mixtures in the Tokaj wine region (Hungary). / Donkó, Ádám; Miglécz, Tamás; Valkó, Orsolya; Tóthmérész, B.; Deák, Balázs; Kelemen, András; Török, Péter; Zanathy, Gábor; Zsigrai, György; Drexler, Dóra.

In: Organic Agriculture, Vol. 7, No. 2, 01.06.2017, p. 133-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donkó, Á, Miglécz, T, Valkó, O, Tóthmérész, B, Deák, B, Kelemen, A, Török, P, Zanathy, G, Zsigrai, G & Drexler, D 2017, 'Comparison of species-rich cover crop mixtures in the Tokaj wine region (Hungary)', Organic Agriculture, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 133-139. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-016-0149-3
Donkó, Ádám ; Miglécz, Tamás ; Valkó, Orsolya ; Tóthmérész, B. ; Deák, Balázs ; Kelemen, András ; Török, Péter ; Zanathy, Gábor ; Zsigrai, György ; Drexler, Dóra. / Comparison of species-rich cover crop mixtures in the Tokaj wine region (Hungary). In: Organic Agriculture. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 133-139.
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