Comparison of protein quality and mineral element concentrations in grain of spelt (Triticum spelta L.) and common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Katalin Berecz, L. Simon-Sarkadi, István Ragasits, Sándor Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cultivation of Triticum spelta (spelt) has no tradition in Hungary. In recent years the interest towards this old species renewed in many countries. This high‐nutritional cereal, which has a high ash and fibre content, can be used in many health‐oriented grain‐based food products. Therefore, field experiments have been conducted for some years to test the performance of this species under home growing conditions. Here we report the results of analyses for some important quality parameters of grain samples from the 1996/97 season in comparison with those of older and new home‐grown bread wheat cultivars. Three common wheat cultivars and one advanced spelt line were grown on small plots fertilised with an NPK dose necessary to reach the highest yield and quality. Spikes were sampled weekly from the time of 70–77% grain moisture to full ripening. The grains were analysed for ash, N, P and K content and amino acid composition. Concentrations of 16 other macro + micro elements and in the ripe grains, baking quality parameters were also assessed. The grain development of spelt showed a remarkable time‐lag compared to that of the common wheat cultivars. However, the highest thousand‐grain‐masses, ash, N, and P concentrations were measured in this cultivar after milk ripening. The grains of spelt contained the macro‐nutrient Mg and four micro‐nutrients (Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu) in higher concentrations compared to those of the common wheat varieties. The total and essential amino acid concentrations measured in the ripe grains of spelt were also remarkably higher. Although its wet gluten content (47.5%) was considerably higher than that of the bread wheat cultivars, its breadmaking quality was poor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-398
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
Volume47
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

Fingerprint

Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta
Triticum
cultivar
Triticum aestivum
wheat
minerals
protein
mineral
ash
ripening
proteins
cultivars
amino acid
breadmaking quality
cereal
milk
baking quality
moisture
comparison
trace element

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • Baking quality
  • Mineral elements
  • Triticiim aestivm L
  • Triticum spelta L
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Comparison of protein quality and mineral element concentrations in grain of spelt (Triticum spelta L.) and common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). / Berecz, Katalin; Simon-Sarkadi, L.; Ragasits, István; Hoffmann, Sándor.

In: Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, Vol. 47, No. 5-6, 01.01.2001, p. 389-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The cultivation of Triticum spelta (spelt) has no tradition in Hungary. In recent years the interest towards this old species renewed in many countries. This high‐nutritional cereal, which has a high ash and fibre content, can be used in many health‐oriented grain‐based food products. Therefore, field experiments have been conducted for some years to test the performance of this species under home growing conditions. Here we report the results of analyses for some important quality parameters of grain samples from the 1996/97 season in comparison with those of older and new home‐grown bread wheat cultivars. Three common wheat cultivars and one advanced spelt line were grown on small plots fertilised with an NPK dose necessary to reach the highest yield and quality. Spikes were sampled weekly from the time of 70–77{\%} grain moisture to full ripening. The grains were analysed for ash, N, P and K content and amino acid composition. Concentrations of 16 other macro + micro elements and in the ripe grains, baking quality parameters were also assessed. The grain development of spelt showed a remarkable time‐lag compared to that of the common wheat cultivars. However, the highest thousand‐grain‐masses, ash, N, and P concentrations were measured in this cultivar after milk ripening. The grains of spelt contained the macro‐nutrient Mg and four micro‐nutrients (Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu) in higher concentrations compared to those of the common wheat varieties. The total and essential amino acid concentrations measured in the ripe grains of spelt were also remarkably higher. Although its wet gluten content (47.5{\%}) was considerably higher than that of the bread wheat cultivars, its breadmaking quality was poor.",
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