Comparison of outpatient systemic antibacterial use in 2004 in the United States and 27 European countries

Herman Goossens, Matus Ferech, Samuel Coenen, Peter Stephens, Helmut Mittermayer, Sigrid Metz, Boyka Markova, Arjana Andrasevic, Igor Francetic, Despo Bagatzouni, Jiri Vlcek, Dominique L. Monnet, Arno Muller, Annemette Anker Nielsen, Ly Rootslane, Pentti Huovinen, Pirkko Paakkari, Philippe Cavalié, Didier Guillemot, Winfried KernHelmut Schroeder, Helen Giamarellou, Anastasia Antoniadou, Gabor Ternak, Ria Benko, Karl Kristinsson, Robert Cunney, Ajay Oza, Raul Raz, Giuseppe Cornaglia, Sandra Berzina, Rolanda Valinteliene, Robert Hemmer, Marcel Bruch, Michael Borg, Peter Zarb, Robert Janknegt, Margreet Filius, Hege Salvesen Blix, Waleria Hryniewicz, Pawel Grzesiowski, Luis Caldeira, Irina Codita, Svetlana Ratchina, Viliam Foltan, Tomas Tesar, Milan Cizman, José Campos, Edurne Lazaro, Francisco De Abajo, Otto Cars, Gunilla Skoog, Sigvard Mölstad, Giuliano Masiero, Serhat Unal, Peter Davey, Faranak Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)


The European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC) project collects data on antibacterial use in Europe, applying the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical classification system and defined daily dose methodology, as recommended by the World Health Organization. Comparable data for the United States have been collected from IMS Health. The IMS Health sales data, processed according to ESAC methodology, suggest that outpatient antibacterial use in the United States is high (only 3 of 27 European countries used more) and is mainly characterized by a shift towards newer antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1095
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Goossens, H., Ferech, M., Coenen, S., Stephens, P., Mittermayer, H., Metz, S., Markova, B., Andrasevic, A., Francetic, I., Bagatzouni, D., Vlcek, J., Monnet, D. L., Muller, A., Nielsen, A. A., Rootslane, L., Huovinen, P., Paakkari, P., Cavalié, P., Guillemot, D., ... Ansari, F. (2007). Comparison of outpatient systemic antibacterial use in 2004 in the United States and 27 European countries. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 44(8), 1091-1095.