Comparison of luteinizing hormone, leptin and progesterone levels in the systemic circulation (Vena jugularis) and near the ovarian circulation (Vena cava caudalis) during the oestrous cycle in mangalica and landrace gilts

Klaus Peter Brüssow, Falk Schneider, Armin Tuchscherer, Istvan Egerszegi, Jozsef Rátky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate luteinizing hormone (LH) and luteal progesterone (P4) secretion in systemic blood and blood near the ovaries in Mangalica (M) and Landrace (L) gilts by implanting catheters into the Vena jugularis and the Vena cava caudalis via the Vena saphena, respectively. Furthermore, leptin was analyzed in jugular vein blood. Blood was collected twice daily from day 7 to day 19 of the oestrous cycle and frequently (10-min intervals for 6 h) on day 9, day 12 and day 15 in M (n=3) and L gilts (n=4). L gilts had congruent pulsatile LH secretion in both veins, but the LH concentrations in M were always below the assay sensitivity during the luteal phase. In both breeds, episodic P4 secretion was found in the jugular and caval veins, and both sampling site and breed had an influence on P4 secretion (P<0.05). The mean concentration of P4 was higher (P<0.01) in utero-ovarian blood (75.8 ± 5.3 in M; 49.6 ± 4.2 ng/ml in L) than in the periphery (31.3 ± 2.0 in M; 21.2 ± 1.8 ng/ml in L). M pigs had a lower number of corpora lutea (9.7 ± 2.3 vs. 20.5 ± 4.4), and analysis of the P4 secretion ratio per corpus luteum revealed an influence of breed (P<0.01). This ratio was significantly higher in M (3.8 ± 0.3 and 8.7 ± 0.7 ng/ml) compared with the L gilts (1.4 ± 0.1 and 2.8 ± 0.3 ng/ml) in the jugular and caval veins, respectively. Blood sampling from the Vena cava caudalis is potentially more precise than from the Vena jugularis for evaluation of ovarian P4 secretion. Both the higher P4 concentration and increased leptin secretion (11.3 ± 0.6 vs. 3.0 ± 0.1 ng/ml, P<0.05) and consequently the altered LH secretion pattern in the Mangalica may contribute to the lower fecundity of this breed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-438
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Development
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Leptin
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Mangalica pig
  • Progesterone
  • Vein catheterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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