Comparison of hemorheological changes in patients after acute coronary events, intervention and ambulatory rehabilitation

Andras Toth, Barbara Sandor, Zsolt Marton, Gabor Kesmarky, Eszter Szabados, Daniel Kehl, Istvan Juricskay, Laszlo Czopf, Kalman Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past decades, our group have investigated the hemorheological parameters (HPs) of more than 1,000 patients with various forms of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Our data indicate that HPs are altered in patients with IHD and the extent of the alterations is in good correlation with the clinical severity of the disease. Our findings have also proven that HPs play a critical role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia. The lack of regular exercise is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Regular physical activity - as part of the cardiovascular rehabilitation training program (CRP) - is recommended for the treatment of IHD and the prevention of first or further cardiovascular events. To estimate the beneficial hemorheological effects of CRP, compared to patients after a coronary event or intervention and not participating in CRP, the data of four of our prospective studies (three non-CRP and one CRP-participating) were evaluated. Hematocrit (Hct), plasma and whole blood viscosity (WBV), Hct/WBV ratio significantly (p<0.05) increased in the non-CRP groups during the 6-12 months follow-up, while in the CRP group they significantly decreased (p<0.05). Red blood cell aggregation decreased in a much greater manner in the CRP group. Our results indicate that CRP has beneficial hemorheological effects and is able to reverse the deterioration of HPs after coronary events or intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-574
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • cardiovascular prevention
  • hemorheological parameters
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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