Comparison of four NDT methods for indication of reactor steel degradation by high fluences of neutron irradiation

I. Tomáš, G. Vértesy, S. Pirfo Barroso, S. Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results of three magnetic nondestructive methods, Magnetic Barkhausen Emission (MBE), magnetic minor loops Power Scaling Laws (PSL) and Magnetic Adaptive Testing (MAT), and of one reference mechanical measurement, Vickers Hardness (HV), applied on the same series of neutron heavily irradiated nuclear reactor pressure vessel steel materials, were normalized and presented here for the purpose of their straightforward quantitative mutual comparison. It is uncommon to carry out different round-robin testing on irradiated materials, and if not answering all open questions, the comparison alone justifies this paper. The assessment methods were all based on ferromagnetism, although each of them used a different aspect of it. The presented comparison yielded a justified recommendation of the most reliable nondestructive method for indication of the reactor steel irradiation hardening and embrittlement effects. The A533 type B Class 1 steel (JRQ), and the base (15Kh2MFA) and welding (10KhMFT) steels for the WWER 440-type Russian reactors were used for the investigations. The samples were irradiated by high-energy neutrons (>1 MeV) with up to 11.9 × 1019 n/cm2 fluences. From all the applied measurements, the results of MAT produced the most satisfactory correlation with independently measured ductile-brittle-transition temperature (DBTT) values of the steel. The other two magnetic methods showed a weaker correlation with DBTT, but some other aspects and information could be assessed by them. As MAT and MBE were sensitive to uncontrolled fluctuation of surface quality of the steel, contact-less ways of testing and more conveniently shaped irradiated nuclear pressure vessel steel samples were suggested for future measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Volume265
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Neutron irradiation
Steel
neutron irradiation
Nondestructive examination
irradiation
fluence
indication
steel
reactors
steels
degradation
Degradation
Testing
Steel structures
magnetic method
ductile-brittle transition
Superconducting transition temperature
pressure vessels
Neutrons
Vickers hardness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Comparison of four NDT methods for indication of reactor steel degradation by high fluences of neutron irradiation. / Tomáš, I.; Vértesy, G.; Pirfo Barroso, S.; Kobayashi, S.

In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 265, 2013, p. 201-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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