Comparison of different amine solvents for the absorption of CO2

P. Láng, Ferenc Denes, Laszlo Hegely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the capture of CO2 the most promising method is chemical absorption in aqueous amine solutions. The most common solvent recycled in the absorber-stripper system is aqueous monoethanolamine (MEA). However other amines such as diethanolamine (DEA) and methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) are also considered as potential suitable solvents. The reduction by 85 % of the CO2 emission of a coal fired power plant is studied by simulation with a professional flow-sheet simulator. The simulation is done in two steps: first in open loop without recycling the lean solvent and wash water, then in closed loop. The influence of the most important operational parameters is studied. The optimal values where the desorption energy is minimal are determined for the temperature, flow rate and composition (CO2 and amine content) of the cold lean solvent, for the stripper: top pressure, location of the feed stage(s). The heat duties of all heat exchangers are also compared for the three different solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1110
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Transactions
Volume61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Amines
diethanolamine
Ethanolamine
Coal
Heat exchangers
Recycling
Desorption
Power plants
Simulators
Flow rate
Water
Chemical analysis
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Comparison of different amine solvents for the absorption of CO2 . / Láng, P.; Denes, Ferenc; Hegely, Laszlo.

In: Chemical Engineering Transactions, Vol. 61, 01.01.2017, p. 1105-1110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Láng, P. ; Denes, Ferenc ; Hegely, Laszlo. / Comparison of different amine solvents for the absorption of CO2 In: Chemical Engineering Transactions. 2017 ; Vol. 61. pp. 1105-1110.
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