Comparison of bread wheat varieties with different breeding origin under organic and low input management

Péter Mikó, Franziska Löschenberger, Jürg Hiltbrunner, Rosalie Aebi, Mária Megyeri, Géza Kovács, Márta Molnár-Láng, Gyula Vida, Marianna Rakszegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years needs have increased to investigate the necessity of breeding cereals for organic agriculture. The aims of this study were (1) to compare 37 bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties with different breeding origin under low input conventional and certified organic farming conditions in Austria and Hungary for 3 years, (2) to identify traits highly sensitive to management systems that could be separated according to their suggested selecting environments and (3) to find evidence for the distinctness of organic wheat breeding. According to the results, seven out of the 15 traits assessed during this study showed significant management × genotype interaction meaning that these traits could be the basis of selection for different management systems. Heading date, sensitivity to leaf rust and powdery mildew had high repeatabilities. For economic reasons, it is therefore reasonable to select for these traits in conventional fields even if the selection target is organic agriculture. However, the present study suggests that selection for the other four traits (grain yield, test weight, leaf-inclination and vigorous growth during booting) should be done later in the target environment. The study compared groups of varieties developed by different breeding strategies (organic, conventional and combined strategies). The results of multivariate analyses showed that the organic breeding was distinct from the other two breeding strategies, but the combined and conventional breeding resulted in similar groupings. It is concluded that the selecting environment has measurable effects on the performance of bread wheat varieties under organic and low input growing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-80
Number of pages12
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014


  • Low input
  • Organic agriculture
  • Organic breeding
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Variety performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

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