In the literature data, several papers reported the synthesis by various chemical or physical methods of the SrCu2O2 (SCO) having possible applications in thermoelectric or completely electronic devices such as solar cells, liquid crystal displays and touch screen. A great challenge is represented by the formation of the pure SrCu2O2 (SCO), due to the high labiality of the Cu valence, depending on temperature. In the present paper, the thermal behavior of Sr–Cu–O gels obtained by sol–gel (SG) or microwave (MW)-assisted SG methods was studied in order to establish the appropriate thermal conditions for pure nanostructured SrCu2O2 preparation. As reagents, copper and strontium acetylacetonate in alcoholic media were used. The starting solutions were homogenized either by stirring for 2 h at room temperature or were exposed to MW for 5 min at 300 W and a frequency of 2.45 GHz. Both solutions were left to gel at room temperature. The obtained gels were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, as well as by thermal analysis combined with evolved gas analysis (TG/DTA-MS) measurements in air, inert and reducing atmospheres. For both type of samples, a stepwise thermal decomposition of the gels was noticed in a large temperature range. In the case of samples obtained by microwave-assisted SG method, a higher number of thermal effects were registered assigned to a higher number of molecular species formed in the sample. The residues obtained by non-isothermal treatment up to 900 °C, of both type of samples, were investigated by X-ray diffraction. The results demonstrate the influence of the MW on the SG synthesis and on the thermal properties of the resulted gels. Based on the obtained results, the required thermal treatment of the gels in order to obtain convenient precursors powders for obtaining pure SrCu2O2 could be proposed.
- Thermal treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry