Comparative study of surface properties of austenitic stainless steels in sulfuric and hydrochloric acid solutions

K. Varga, P. Baradlai, W. O. Barnard, G. Myburg, P. Halmos, J. H. Potgieter

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Abstract

In this work, time, concentration and potential dependence of Cl- and HSO-4/SO2-4 accumulations on two austenitic stainless steels (AISI 316L + 0.5%Ru and 08X18H10T (GOST 5632-61) which corresponds to AISI 304) are studied by an in situ radiotracer method and voltammetry. Several independent techniques such as XPS and ICP-OES are also used to characterize the complex features of the passivation and dissolution of steels with and without Mo and Ru as additives. From the experimental results, it is obvious that the surface excess values of bisulfate/sulfate ions on both stainless steels are much higher (up to Γ = 1.5 × 10-9 mol cm-2) and their interaction with the passive oxide layer is substantially stronger than those of chloride ions. The surface concentration of Cl- of less than 2 × 10-10 mol cm-2 (if any) provides evidence that only a very limited part of the real surface area of the steel samples (less than 5%) is occupied by Cl- ions, ie, pitting corrosion sites are probably formed. Some possible links between sorption phenomena and the structure and chemical composition of passive layers are also presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997

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Keywords

  • Accumulation of Cl and HSO/SO ions
  • Austenitic stainless steels
  • In situ radiotracer method
  • Ru additives
  • Specific interactions
  • XPS and ICP-OES studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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