The adsorption of trivalent chromium ions from aqueous solutions on the surface of carbon materials, namely, multiwall carbon nanotubes (NTs) and two samples of active carbon, is studied depending on pH and adsorbate concentration in the system. Isotherms of Cr(III) adsorption by the aforementioned materials are obtained. It is shown that chromium ions are predominantly bound by surface carboxyl groups. The adsorption of chromium ions reduces the electrokinetic potential of NTs and, at chromium concentrations CCr(III) > 10–5 M, leads to the reversal of the surface charge. The adsorption value decreases in the series NT > Merck carbon > Norit carbon, in contrast to an increase in the adsorbate affinity to the adsorbent in this series, as determined from the slope of the initial section of the Langmuir isotherms. Small amounts of chromium ions sorbed at low concentrations in solution (CCr(III) ≤ 10–5 M) are comparable with the concentration of hydrogen ions displaced from the surface, thus making it possible to suppose the existence of an ionexchange adsorption mechanism. As the concentration of Cr(III) increases, the equivalent displacement of H+ is violated, thereby indicating the development of other adsorption mechanisms (complexation).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry