Comparative study of antibody levels developed by vaccination against polio virus in population after vaccine type alteration

Ágnes Farkas, Nóra Magyar, Katalin N. Szomor, Mária Takács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During clinical trials, samples from Hungarian patients of different age groups were tested for antibodies against all 3 serotypes of poliovirus, a member of Picornaviridae family. During the virus neutralization serological test, blood samples were titrated using permanent virus concentration. Based on the cythopathic effect observed under a light microscope, the antibody level of the patient was assessed. The 100 people examined were classified into 5 groups based on age and type of original vaccine: I. Newborns, no vaccination given; II. Immunosuppressed patients; III. Born before 1986, received only OPV vaccine; IV. Born between 1992-2005, received a combination of OPV and IPV vaccines; V. Born after 2006, received only IPV vaccine. Results show that vaccination coverage meets all the criteria. None of the immunized persons was seronegative to all three polioviruses. Both IPV and OPV vaccines are effective against poliovirus. Blood samples from newborn babies with no immunization were also examined. Results show that most newborns have maternal antibodies in their blood. Results of group II show that immunosuppression does not have a negative influence on blood antibody levels against polioviruses. In spite of the low number of samples, our results show that seroconversion after immunization in the Hungarian population is adequate. For more accurate results about vaccination coverage in the population, further trials would be necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalActa microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Antibody level
  • Paralytic poliomyelitis
  • Poliovirus
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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