Comparative evaluation of the chiral recognition potential of single-isomer sulfated beta-cyclodextrin synthesis intermediates in non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis

Ida Fejos, Erzsébet Varga, Gábor Benkovics, András Darcsi, Milo Malanga, Éva Fenyvesi, Tamás Sohajda, Lajos Szente, S. Béni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enantioselectivity of neutral single-isomer synthetic precursors of sulfated-β-cyclodextrins was studied. Four neutral single-isomer cyclodextrins substituted on the secondary side with acetyl and/or methyl functional groups, heptakis(2-O-methyl-3,6-dihydroxy)-β-cyclodextrin (HM-β-CD), heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-hydroxy)-β-cyclodextrin (HDA-β-CD), heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-hydroxy)-β-cyclodextrin (HDM-β-CD), heptakis(2-O-methyl-3-O-acetyl-6-hydroxy)-β-cyclodextrin (HMA-β-CD), and their sulfated analogs the negatively charged heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-sulfato)-β-cyclodextrin (HDMS-β-CD) and heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-sulfato)-β-cyclodextrin (HDAS-β-CD) were investigated by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis in the view of enantiodiscrimination for various drugs and related pharmaceutical compounds. The focus of the present work was on the chiral selectivity studies of the neutral derivatives, which are the synthesis intermediates of the sulfated products. The chiral recognition experiments proved that among the neutral compounds the HMA-β-CD shows remarkable enantioselectivity towards chiral guests in non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis, while HM-β-CD, HDA-β-CD and HDM-β-CD failed to resolve any of the 25 studied racemates under the applied experimental conditions. In order to get deeper insight into the molecular interactions between the studied single-isomer cyclodextrin and chiral fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, gatifloxacin and lomefloxacin) and β-blockers (propranolol), 1H and ROESY NMR experiments were performed. The 2-O-methylation in combination with the 3-O-acetylation of the host was evidenced to exclusively carry the essential spatial arrangement for chiral recognition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 5 2016

Keywords

  • H NMR
  • Enantioseparation
  • Host-guest interaction
  • Non-aqueous chiral capillary electrophoresis
  • ROESY NMR
  • Single-isomer cyclodextrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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