Comparative distribution of NADPH-diaphorase activity and tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the diencephalon and mesencephalon of the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus)

Catherine M. Montagnese, András Csillag

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We described the distribution of NADPH-diaphorase-containing neurons in relation to tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the diencephalon and mesencephalon of the chicken. In the diencephalon, both markers were found in the lateral hypothalamus, dorsal hypothalamic area, hypothalamic periventricular nucleus, paraventricular nucleus and mamillary area. A close examination showed that the fine distribution of these markers differed slightly, so that they were never observed in the same neurons. In the mesencephalon, NADPH-diaphorase and tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity were found in the ventral pedunculopontine area (nucleus tegmenti pedunculopontinus pars compacta, adjacent areas surrounding the quintofrontal tract and the nucleus mesencephalicus profundus ventralis), the coeruleus complex (locus coeruleus, ventral and dorsal subcoeruleus nuclei), the ventral tegmental area and the central gray. The majority of these neurons contained either diaphorase or tyrosine hydroxylase. Nevertheless, in a few cases both markers appeared to colocalize in the same neuron, typically in large perikarya of the ventral pedunculopontine area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-439
Number of pages13
JournalAnatomy and Embryology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996



  • Avian brain
  • Catecholamines
  • Galliformes
  • Nitric oxide
  • Tegmentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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