Comparative distribution of immunoreactive pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in rat forebrain

K. Köves, Akira Arimura, T. Görcs, Anikó Somogyvari-Vigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

221 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are structurally similar, share the same high affinity site in same peripheral tissues and increase the intracellular content of adenylate cyclase. To establish which neural circuits are signaling with each of these two peptides, we systematically compared the immunohistochemical distribution of PACAP and VIP in selected rat forebrain regions using previously characterized antiserum. The PACAP antiserum recognized both PACAP27 and PACAP38, and PACAP immunoreactivity was unaffected by preincubation with various other peptides. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were observed in both hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic regions. In the hypothalamus PACAP perikarya were located in the supraoptic, paraventricular, anterior commissural, periventricular, and perifomical nuclei. In intact rats PACAP immunolabeled fibers were present in the internal zone of the median eminence and posterior pituitary. One week after hypophysectomy the intensity of staining in the internal zone was enhanced and immunoreactive fibers appeared in the external zone of the median eminence. Two or 3 weeks later a dense fiber network was observed around the portal capillaries in the external zone, and immunoreactive material further accumulated in the fibers of the internal zone. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were also observed in several extrahypothalamic regions including central thalamic nuclei, amygdaloid complex, bed nucleus of stria terminalis, septum, hippocampus and cingulate, and entorhinal cortices. In the lateral septum and entorhinal cortex PACAP fibers surrounded unstained neuronal cell bodies and small blood vessels. In intact rats, VIP-immunoreactive perikarya were present in all regions of the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdaloid complexus and in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but not in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. In colchicine-treated rats the VIP perikarya appeared in the preoptic area and paraventricular nucleus. The fibers were organized in two main pathways: The stria terminalis and an ascending pathway from the suprachiasmatic nucleus to the paraventricular area. Hypophysectomy induced the appearance of VIP-immunoreactive fibers in the internal zone of the median eminence and perikarya in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in addition to the suprachiasmatic nucleus. The dissimilar distributions of PACAP and VIP suggest that PACAP neural circuits are independent of that of VIP in the rat forebrain. These findings support possible multifunctional roles for PACAP as a posterior pituitary hormone, a hypophysiotrophic factor, and a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-169
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide
Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Prosencephalon
Median Eminence
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Supraoptic Nucleus
Hypophysectomy
Entorhinal Cortex
Preoptic Area
Neurotransmitter Agents
Immune Sera
Hippocampus
Posterior Pituitary Hormones
Thalamic Nuclei
Septal Nuclei
Peptides
Gyrus Cinguli
Colchicine
Adenylyl Cyclases

Keywords

  • Hypophysectomy
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide
  • Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Comparative distribution of immunoreactive pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in rat forebrain. / Köves, K.; Arimura, Akira; Görcs, T.; Somogyvari-Vigh, Anikó.

In: Neuroendocrinology, Vol. 54, No. 2, 1991, p. 159-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a535989615884efeb0bdfc159b85e0a7,
title = "Comparative distribution of immunoreactive pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in rat forebrain",
abstract = "Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are structurally similar, share the same high affinity site in same peripheral tissues and increase the intracellular content of adenylate cyclase. To establish which neural circuits are signaling with each of these two peptides, we systematically compared the immunohistochemical distribution of PACAP and VIP in selected rat forebrain regions using previously characterized antiserum. The PACAP antiserum recognized both PACAP27 and PACAP38, and PACAP immunoreactivity was unaffected by preincubation with various other peptides. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were observed in both hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic regions. In the hypothalamus PACAP perikarya were located in the supraoptic, paraventricular, anterior commissural, periventricular, and perifomical nuclei. In intact rats PACAP immunolabeled fibers were present in the internal zone of the median eminence and posterior pituitary. One week after hypophysectomy the intensity of staining in the internal zone was enhanced and immunoreactive fibers appeared in the external zone of the median eminence. Two or 3 weeks later a dense fiber network was observed around the portal capillaries in the external zone, and immunoreactive material further accumulated in the fibers of the internal zone. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were also observed in several extrahypothalamic regions including central thalamic nuclei, amygdaloid complex, bed nucleus of stria terminalis, septum, hippocampus and cingulate, and entorhinal cortices. In the lateral septum and entorhinal cortex PACAP fibers surrounded unstained neuronal cell bodies and small blood vessels. In intact rats, VIP-immunoreactive perikarya were present in all regions of the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdaloid complexus and in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but not in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. In colchicine-treated rats the VIP perikarya appeared in the preoptic area and paraventricular nucleus. The fibers were organized in two main pathways: The stria terminalis and an ascending pathway from the suprachiasmatic nucleus to the paraventricular area. Hypophysectomy induced the appearance of VIP-immunoreactive fibers in the internal zone of the median eminence and perikarya in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in addition to the suprachiasmatic nucleus. The dissimilar distributions of PACAP and VIP suggest that PACAP neural circuits are independent of that of VIP in the rat forebrain. These findings support possible multifunctional roles for PACAP as a posterior pituitary hormone, a hypophysiotrophic factor, and a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator.",
keywords = "Hypophysectomy, Immunohistochemistry, Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide, Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide",
author = "K. K{\"o}ves and Akira Arimura and T. G{\"o}rcs and Anik{\'o} Somogyvari-Vigh",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.1159/000125864",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "159--169",
journal = "Neuroendocrinology",
issn = "0028-3835",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative distribution of immunoreactive pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in rat forebrain

AU - Köves, K.

AU - Arimura, Akira

AU - Görcs, T.

AU - Somogyvari-Vigh, Anikó

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are structurally similar, share the same high affinity site in same peripheral tissues and increase the intracellular content of adenylate cyclase. To establish which neural circuits are signaling with each of these two peptides, we systematically compared the immunohistochemical distribution of PACAP and VIP in selected rat forebrain regions using previously characterized antiserum. The PACAP antiserum recognized both PACAP27 and PACAP38, and PACAP immunoreactivity was unaffected by preincubation with various other peptides. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were observed in both hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic regions. In the hypothalamus PACAP perikarya were located in the supraoptic, paraventricular, anterior commissural, periventricular, and perifomical nuclei. In intact rats PACAP immunolabeled fibers were present in the internal zone of the median eminence and posterior pituitary. One week after hypophysectomy the intensity of staining in the internal zone was enhanced and immunoreactive fibers appeared in the external zone of the median eminence. Two or 3 weeks later a dense fiber network was observed around the portal capillaries in the external zone, and immunoreactive material further accumulated in the fibers of the internal zone. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were also observed in several extrahypothalamic regions including central thalamic nuclei, amygdaloid complex, bed nucleus of stria terminalis, septum, hippocampus and cingulate, and entorhinal cortices. In the lateral septum and entorhinal cortex PACAP fibers surrounded unstained neuronal cell bodies and small blood vessels. In intact rats, VIP-immunoreactive perikarya were present in all regions of the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdaloid complexus and in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but not in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. In colchicine-treated rats the VIP perikarya appeared in the preoptic area and paraventricular nucleus. The fibers were organized in two main pathways: The stria terminalis and an ascending pathway from the suprachiasmatic nucleus to the paraventricular area. Hypophysectomy induced the appearance of VIP-immunoreactive fibers in the internal zone of the median eminence and perikarya in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in addition to the suprachiasmatic nucleus. The dissimilar distributions of PACAP and VIP suggest that PACAP neural circuits are independent of that of VIP in the rat forebrain. These findings support possible multifunctional roles for PACAP as a posterior pituitary hormone, a hypophysiotrophic factor, and a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator.

AB - Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are structurally similar, share the same high affinity site in same peripheral tissues and increase the intracellular content of adenylate cyclase. To establish which neural circuits are signaling with each of these two peptides, we systematically compared the immunohistochemical distribution of PACAP and VIP in selected rat forebrain regions using previously characterized antiserum. The PACAP antiserum recognized both PACAP27 and PACAP38, and PACAP immunoreactivity was unaffected by preincubation with various other peptides. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were observed in both hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic regions. In the hypothalamus PACAP perikarya were located in the supraoptic, paraventricular, anterior commissural, periventricular, and perifomical nuclei. In intact rats PACAP immunolabeled fibers were present in the internal zone of the median eminence and posterior pituitary. One week after hypophysectomy the intensity of staining in the internal zone was enhanced and immunoreactive fibers appeared in the external zone of the median eminence. Two or 3 weeks later a dense fiber network was observed around the portal capillaries in the external zone, and immunoreactive material further accumulated in the fibers of the internal zone. PACAP-immunoreactive perikarya and fibers were also observed in several extrahypothalamic regions including central thalamic nuclei, amygdaloid complex, bed nucleus of stria terminalis, septum, hippocampus and cingulate, and entorhinal cortices. In the lateral septum and entorhinal cortex PACAP fibers surrounded unstained neuronal cell bodies and small blood vessels. In intact rats, VIP-immunoreactive perikarya were present in all regions of the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdaloid complexus and in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but not in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. In colchicine-treated rats the VIP perikarya appeared in the preoptic area and paraventricular nucleus. The fibers were organized in two main pathways: The stria terminalis and an ascending pathway from the suprachiasmatic nucleus to the paraventricular area. Hypophysectomy induced the appearance of VIP-immunoreactive fibers in the internal zone of the median eminence and perikarya in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in addition to the suprachiasmatic nucleus. The dissimilar distributions of PACAP and VIP suggest that PACAP neural circuits are independent of that of VIP in the rat forebrain. These findings support possible multifunctional roles for PACAP as a posterior pituitary hormone, a hypophysiotrophic factor, and a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator.

KW - Hypophysectomy

KW - Immunohistochemistry

KW - Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide

KW - Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025744760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025744760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000125864

DO - 10.1159/000125864

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 159

EP - 169

JO - Neuroendocrinology

JF - Neuroendocrinology

SN - 0028-3835

IS - 2

ER -