Comparative analysis of zearalenone effects on thyroid receptor alpha (TRα) and beta (TRβ) expression in rat primary cerebellar cell cultures

David Sandor Kiss, Eniko Ioja, I. Tóth, Zoltan Barany, Gergely Jocsak, T. Bartha, Tamas L. Horvath, A. Zsarnovszky

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Thyroid receptors play an important role in postnatal brain development. Zearalenone (ZEN), a major mycotoxin of Fusarium fungi, is well known to cause serious health problems in animals and humans through various mechanisms, including the physiological pathways of thyroid hormone (TH). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the expression of thyroid receptors α (TRα) and β (TRβ) in primary cerebellar neurons in the presence or absence of glia and following ZEN treatment, using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Primary cerebellar granule cells were treated with low doses of ZEN (0.1 nM) in combination with physiologically relevant concentrations of L-thyroxine (T4), 3,3, 5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) and 17β-estradiol (E2). Expression levels of TRα and TRβ at mRNA and protein levels were slightly modified by ZEN administered alone; however, along with thyroid and steroid hormones, modelling the physiological conditions, expression levels of TRs varied highly depending on the given treatment. Gene expression levels were also highly modulated by the presence or absence of glial cells, with mostly contrasting effects. Our results demonstrate divergent transcriptional and translational mechanisms involved in the expression of TRs implied by ZEN and hormonal milieu, as well as culturing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1440
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 11 2018



  • Primary cerebellar neurons
  • Thyroid receptor α (TRα)
  • Thyroid receptor β (TRβ)
  • Zearalenone (ZEN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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