Comparative analysis of polyamine metabolism in wheat and maize plants

Gabriella Szalai, Katalin Janda, Éva Darkó, Tibor Janda, Violeta Peeva, Magda Pál

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)


In the present work changes in polyamine contents were investigated after various hydroponic polyamine treatments (putrescine, spermidine and spermine at 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5 mM concentrations) in two different crop species, wheat and maize. In contrast to putrescine, higher polyamines (spermidine and spermine) induced concentration-dependent oxidative damage in both crops, resulting in decreased biomass. The unfavourable effects of polyamines were more pronounced in the roots, and maize was more sensitive than wheat. The adverse effects of polyamine treatment were proportional to the accumulation of polyamine and the plant hormone salicylic acid in the leaves and roots of both plant species. Changes in polyamine content and catabolism during osmotic stress conditions were also studied after beneficial pre-treatment with putrescine. The greater positive effect of putrescine in wheat than in maize can be explained by differences in the polyamine metabolism under normal and osmotic stress conditions, and by relationship between polyamines and salicylic acid. The results demonstrated that changes in the polyamine pool are important for fine tuning of polyamine signalling, which influences the hormonal balance required if putrescine is to exert a protective effect under stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-250
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Maize
  • Osmotic stress
  • Polyamines
  • Salicylic acid
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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