Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation: a BrainNet Europe gene expression microarray study

Pascal F. Durrenberger, Francesca S. Fernando, Samira N. Kashefi, Tim P. Bonnert, Danielle Seilhean, Brahim Nait-Oumesmar, Andrea Schmitt, Peter J. Gebicke-Haerter, Peter Falkai, Edna Grünblatt, M. Palkóvits, Thomas Arzberger, Hans Kretzschmar, David T. Dexter, Richard Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system are characterized by pathogenetic cellular and molecular changes in specific areas of the brain that lead to the dysfunction and/or loss of explicit neuronal populations. Despite exhibiting different clinical profiles and selective neuronal loss, common features such as abnormal protein deposition, dysfunctional cellular transport, mitochondrial deficits, glutamate excitotoxicity, iron accumulation and inflammation are observed in many neurodegenerative disorders, suggesting converging pathways of neurodegeneration. We have generated comparative genome-wide gene expression data, using the Illumina HumanRef 8 Beadchip, for Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and schizophrenia using an extensive cohort (n = 113) of well-characterized post-mortem brain tissues. The analysis of whole-genome expression patterns across these major disorders offers an outstanding opportunity not only to look into exclusive disease-specific changes, but more importantly to look for potential common molecular pathogenic mechanisms. Surprisingly, no dysregulated gene that passed our selection criteria was found in common across all six diseases. However, 61 dysregulated genes were shared when comparing five and four diseases. The few genes highlighted by our direct gene comparison analysis hint toward common neuronal homeostatic, survival and synaptic plasticity pathways. In addition, we report changes to several inflammation-related genes in all diseases. This work is supportive of a general role of the innate immune system in the pathogenesis and/or response to neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1068
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996)
Volume122
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Gene Expression
Neuronal Plasticity
Genes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genome
Inflammation
Huntington Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Brain
Patient Selection
Multiple Sclerosis
Parkinson Disease
Glutamic Acid
Immune System
Schizophrenia
Iron
Central Nervous System
Population
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Durrenberger, P. F., Fernando, F. S., Kashefi, S. N., Bonnert, T. P., Seilhean, D., Nait-Oumesmar, B., ... Reynolds, R. (2015). Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation: a BrainNet Europe gene expression microarray study. Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 122(7), 1055-1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-014-1293-0

Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation : a BrainNet Europe gene expression microarray study. / Durrenberger, Pascal F.; Fernando, Francesca S.; Kashefi, Samira N.; Bonnert, Tim P.; Seilhean, Danielle; Nait-Oumesmar, Brahim; Schmitt, Andrea; Gebicke-Haerter, Peter J.; Falkai, Peter; Grünblatt, Edna; Palkóvits, M.; Arzberger, Thomas; Kretzschmar, Hans; Dexter, David T.; Reynolds, Richard.

In: Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), Vol. 122, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 1055-1068.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Durrenberger, PF, Fernando, FS, Kashefi, SN, Bonnert, TP, Seilhean, D, Nait-Oumesmar, B, Schmitt, A, Gebicke-Haerter, PJ, Falkai, P, Grünblatt, E, Palkóvits, M, Arzberger, T, Kretzschmar, H, Dexter, DT & Reynolds, R 2015, 'Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation: a BrainNet Europe gene expression microarray study', Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), vol. 122, no. 7, pp. 1055-1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-014-1293-0
Durrenberger, Pascal F. ; Fernando, Francesca S. ; Kashefi, Samira N. ; Bonnert, Tim P. ; Seilhean, Danielle ; Nait-Oumesmar, Brahim ; Schmitt, Andrea ; Gebicke-Haerter, Peter J. ; Falkai, Peter ; Grünblatt, Edna ; Palkóvits, M. ; Arzberger, Thomas ; Kretzschmar, Hans ; Dexter, David T. ; Reynolds, Richard. / Common mechanisms in neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation : a BrainNet Europe gene expression microarray study. In: Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). 2015 ; Vol. 122, No. 7. pp. 1055-1068.
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