Combined influence of healthy diet and active lifestyle on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents

M. Cuenca-García, F. B. Ortega, J. R. Ruiz, M. González-Gross, I. Labayen, R. Jago, D. Martínez-Gómez, J. Dallongeville, S. Bel-Serrat, A. Marcos, Y. Manios, C. Breidenassel, K. Widhalm, F. Gottrand, M. Ferrari, A. Kafatos, D. Molnár, L. A. Moreno, S. De Henauw, M. J. CastilloM. Sjöström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the combined influence of diet quality and physical activity on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adolescents, adolescents (n=1513; 12.5-17.5 years) participating in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study were studied. Dietary intake was registered using a 24-h recall and a diet quality index was calculated. Physical activity was assessed by accelerometry. Lifestyle groups were computed as: healthy diet and active, unhealthy diet but active, healthy diet but inactive, and unhealthy diet and inactive. CVD risk factor measurements included cardiorespiratory fitness, adiposity indicators, blood lipid profile, blood pressure, and insulin resistance. A CVD risk score was computed. The healthy diet and active group had a healthier cardiorespiratory profile, fat mass index (FMI), triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C ratio (all P≤0.05). Overall, active adolescents showed higher cardiorespiratory fitness, lower FMI, TC/HDL-C ratio, and homeostasis model assessment index and healthier blood pressure than their inactive peers with either healthy or unhealthy diet (all P≤0.05). Healthy diet and active group had healthier CVD risk score compared with the inactive groups (all P≤0.02). Thus, a combination of healthy diet and active lifestyle is associated with decreased CVD risk in adolescents. Moreover, an active lifestyle may reduce the adverse consequences of an unhealthy diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-562
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Life Style
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diet
HDL Cholesterol
Fats
Cholesterol
Accelerometry
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Adiposity
Insulin Resistance
Healthy Diet
Triglycerides
Homeostasis
Lipids
Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Body composition
  • Cardiovascular disease risk
  • Diet quality index
  • HELENA study
  • Insulin resistance
  • Lipid profile
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cuenca-García, M., Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., González-Gross, M., Labayen, I., Jago, R., ... Sjöström, M. (2014). Combined influence of healthy diet and active lifestyle on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24(3), 553-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12022

Combined influence of healthy diet and active lifestyle on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. / Cuenca-García, M.; Ortega, F. B.; Ruiz, J. R.; González-Gross, M.; Labayen, I.; Jago, R.; Martínez-Gómez, D.; Dallongeville, J.; Bel-Serrat, S.; Marcos, A.; Manios, Y.; Breidenassel, C.; Widhalm, K.; Gottrand, F.; Ferrari, M.; Kafatos, A.; Molnár, D.; Moreno, L. A.; De Henauw, S.; Castillo, M. J.; Sjöström, M.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2014, p. 553-562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cuenca-García, M, Ortega, FB, Ruiz, JR, González-Gross, M, Labayen, I, Jago, R, Martínez-Gómez, D, Dallongeville, J, Bel-Serrat, S, Marcos, A, Manios, Y, Breidenassel, C, Widhalm, K, Gottrand, F, Ferrari, M, Kafatos, A, Molnár, D, Moreno, LA, De Henauw, S, Castillo, MJ & Sjöström, M 2014, 'Combined influence of healthy diet and active lifestyle on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 553-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12022
Cuenca-García, M. ; Ortega, F. B. ; Ruiz, J. R. ; González-Gross, M. ; Labayen, I. ; Jago, R. ; Martínez-Gómez, D. ; Dallongeville, J. ; Bel-Serrat, S. ; Marcos, A. ; Manios, Y. ; Breidenassel, C. ; Widhalm, K. ; Gottrand, F. ; Ferrari, M. ; Kafatos, A. ; Molnár, D. ; Moreno, L. A. ; De Henauw, S. ; Castillo, M. J. ; Sjöström, M. / Combined influence of healthy diet and active lifestyle on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 553-562.
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