Combined cosmological tests of a bivalent tachyonic dark energy scalar field moDel

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Abstract

A recently investigated tachyonic scalar field dark energy dominated universe exhibits a bivalent future: Depending on initial parameters can run either into a De Sitter exponential expansion or into a traversable future soft singularity followed by a contraction phase. We also incluDe in the moDel (i) a tiny amount of radiation, (ii) baryonic matter (Ωbh2 = 0.022161, where the Hubble constant is fixed as h = 0.706) and (iii) cold dark matter (CDM). Out of a variety of six types of evolutions arising in a more subtle classification, we iDentify two in which in the past the scalar field effectively Degenerates into a dust (its pressure drops to an insignificantly low negative value). These are the evolutions of type IIb converging to De Sitter and type III hitting the future soft singularity. We confront these background evolutions with various cosmological tests, including the supernova type Ia Union 2.1 data, baryon acoustic oscillation distance ratios, Hubble parameter-redshift relation and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) acoustic scale. We Determine a subset of the evolutions of both types which at 1σ confiDence level are consistent with all of these cosmological tests. At perturbative level we Derive the CMB temperature power spectrum to find the best agreement with the Planck data for ΩCDM = 0.22. The fit is as good as for the ΛCDM moDel at high multipoles, but the power remains slightly overestimated at low multipoles, for both types of evolutions. The rest of the CDM is effectively generated by the tachyonic field, which in this sense acts as a combined dark energy and dark matter moDel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2014
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

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dark energy
dark matter
scalars
multipoles
microwaves
Hubble constant
acoustics
pressure drop
set theory
contraction
supernovae
power spectra
confidence
baryons
universe
dust
oscillations
expansion
radiation
temperature

Keywords

  • cosmological perturbation theory
  • dark energy theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

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title = "Combined cosmological tests of a bivalent tachyonic dark energy scalar field moDel",
abstract = "A recently investigated tachyonic scalar field dark energy dominated universe exhibits a bivalent future: Depending on initial parameters can run either into a De Sitter exponential expansion or into a traversable future soft singularity followed by a contraction phase. We also incluDe in the moDel (i) a tiny amount of radiation, (ii) baryonic matter (Ωbh2 = 0.022161, where the Hubble constant is fixed as h = 0.706) and (iii) cold dark matter (CDM). Out of a variety of six types of evolutions arising in a more subtle classification, we iDentify two in which in the past the scalar field effectively Degenerates into a dust (its pressure drops to an insignificantly low negative value). These are the evolutions of type IIb converging to De Sitter and type III hitting the future soft singularity. We confront these background evolutions with various cosmological tests, including the supernova type Ia Union 2.1 data, baryon acoustic oscillation distance ratios, Hubble parameter-redshift relation and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) acoustic scale. We Determine a subset of the evolutions of both types which at 1σ confiDence level are consistent with all of these cosmological tests. At perturbative level we Derive the CMB temperature power spectrum to find the best agreement with the Planck data for ΩCDM = 0.22. The fit is as good as for the ΛCDM moDel at high multipoles, but the power remains slightly overestimated at low multipoles, for both types of evolutions. The rest of the CDM is effectively generated by the tachyonic field, which in this sense acts as a combined dark energy and dark matter moDel.",
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N2 - A recently investigated tachyonic scalar field dark energy dominated universe exhibits a bivalent future: Depending on initial parameters can run either into a De Sitter exponential expansion or into a traversable future soft singularity followed by a contraction phase. We also incluDe in the moDel (i) a tiny amount of radiation, (ii) baryonic matter (Ωbh2 = 0.022161, where the Hubble constant is fixed as h = 0.706) and (iii) cold dark matter (CDM). Out of a variety of six types of evolutions arising in a more subtle classification, we iDentify two in which in the past the scalar field effectively Degenerates into a dust (its pressure drops to an insignificantly low negative value). These are the evolutions of type IIb converging to De Sitter and type III hitting the future soft singularity. We confront these background evolutions with various cosmological tests, including the supernova type Ia Union 2.1 data, baryon acoustic oscillation distance ratios, Hubble parameter-redshift relation and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) acoustic scale. We Determine a subset of the evolutions of both types which at 1σ confiDence level are consistent with all of these cosmological tests. At perturbative level we Derive the CMB temperature power spectrum to find the best agreement with the Planck data for ΩCDM = 0.22. The fit is as good as for the ΛCDM moDel at high multipoles, but the power remains slightly overestimated at low multipoles, for both types of evolutions. The rest of the CDM is effectively generated by the tachyonic field, which in this sense acts as a combined dark energy and dark matter moDel.

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