Collaborative WHO xylitol Field studies in Hungary VII. Two-year caries incidence in 976 institutionalized children

Arje Scheinin, Kaisu Pienihäkkinen, Jaakko Tiekso, J. Bánóczy, Judit Szöke, Imre Esztári, Peter Zimmermann, Eva Hadas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim was to assess caries increment as influenced by partial substitution of sucrose by xylitol (X group) over a 2-year period in comparison with systemic fluoride (F group) and restorative treatment only (C group). The study differed from the 3-year field study of the same series primarily in that existing base-line differences were eliminated because the protocol required that all the new subjects entering the institutions in the 1st year were to be included for a 2-year trial. During this period the number of dropouts was 243 (19.9% of all subjects), the final material consisting of 976 children (6-12 years old). The 2-year DMFS increment was 3.8 in the X group, 4.8 in the F group, and 6.0 in the C group. The corresponding ratio (RS) between caries incidence and the tooth surface population at risk was RSx, 4.5; RSF, 5.5; and RSc, 7.5. The xylitol regimen resulted in a lower increment of caries than measured in the F and C groups (p <0.001; covariance analysis, with base-line prevalence, number of permanent teeth, and visible plaque index as covariants).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985

Fingerprint

Institutionalized Child
Xylitol
Hungary
Tooth
Incidence
Fluorides
Sucrose
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Caries prevention
  • Substitution of sucrose
  • Systemic fluoride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Collaborative WHO xylitol Field studies in Hungary VII. Two-year caries incidence in 976 institutionalized children. / Scheinin, Arje; Pienihäkkinen, Kaisu; Tiekso, Jaakko; Bánóczy, J.; Szöke, Judit; Esztári, Imre; Zimmermann, Peter; Hadas, Eva.

In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1985, p. 381-387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scheinin, Arje ; Pienihäkkinen, Kaisu ; Tiekso, Jaakko ; Bánóczy, J. ; Szöke, Judit ; Esztári, Imre ; Zimmermann, Peter ; Hadas, Eva. / Collaborative WHO xylitol Field studies in Hungary VII. Two-year caries incidence in 976 institutionalized children. In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 1985 ; Vol. 43, No. 6. pp. 381-387.
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