Cold neutron prompt gamma activation analysis - A non-destructive method for characterization of high silica content chipped stone tools and raw materials

Z. S. Kasztovszky, K. T. Biró, A. Markó, V. Dobosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, several archaeometrical projects have been started on the prehistoric collection of the Hungarian National Museum. Among the analytical methods applied, non-destructive prompt gamma activation analysis has a special importance. We have also tested the potential of this method on chipped stone tools, with the aim of determining their exact provenance. On the basis of major and trace element components, characterizations of stone tools and their raw materials-silicites (flint, chert, radiolarite and hornstone) as well as volcanites (felsitic porphyry and obsidian)-were performed. We discuss some important results concerning each group, as case studies. Compiling the data set of different PGAA analysis series, compositions of 110 samples are reported, including 76 archaeological pieces. In the future, we plan to extend the number of investigated objects in each class.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-29
Number of pages18
JournalArchaeometry
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Carpathian basin
  • Chert
  • Chipped stone tools
  • Flint
  • Hornstone
  • Obsidian
  • PGAA
  • Radiolarite
  • Szeletian felsitic porphyry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

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