We investigate the behavior of [Formula Presented] atoms in the field of a sequence of frequency-chirped short laser pulses. The analysis is based on a numerical solution of equations for the probability amplitudes of the hyperfine levels of the [Formula Presented] transition in the [Formula Presented] atom and the dressed-states analysis. We analyze different regimes of interaction, including relatively short laser pulses (when the width of the pulse envelope spectrum is of the order of or exceeds the frequency interval between the hyperfine levels resulting in effective mixing of them) and relatively long ones (when the ground hyperfine levels are resolved but the excited ones are not resolved). In the latter case dependence of the population transfer efficiency on the initial coherence of the ground states is analyzed. The case of long laser pulses when all working hyperfine levels are resolved is also discussed using numerical simulations and a dressed-states analysis. We show that in all regimes considered, the interaction of a frequency-chirped laser pulse with the multilevel [Formula Presented] system is similar to the interaction with an effective two-level atom at sufficiently large peak intensities of the pulses. It allows us to perform efficient excitation of the multilevel atom by transferring populations of two hyperfine ground states to the excited ones and back to the ground states using a pair of frequency-chirped laser pulses. We propose to utilize this scheme of population transfer for the coherent manipulation of a beam of [Formula Presented] atoms using sequences of counterpropagating frequency-chirped short laser pulses.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics