Coexpression of p53 and tissue transglutaminase genes in human normal and pathologic adrenal tissues

Vilmos Adleff, Károly Rácz, Béla Szende, Miklós Tóth, Judit Moldvay, Ibolya Varga, Attila Bezzegh, Zsolt Szegedi, Edit Gláz

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Abstract

The presence of p53 and tissue transglutaminase (tTG) gene expressions was investigated in human normal and pathologic adrenal tissues with two aims (1) to determine the tissue content of p53 protein, its messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and, especially, tTG mRNA which has not been previously reported and (2) to study possible differences in the coexpression of p53 and tTG in various adrenal disorders. Using Northern blot analysis, p53 and tTG mRNAs were detected in each adrenal tissue examined including 5 normal human adrenals, 6 aldosterone-producing adenomas, 3 Cushing's adenomas, 1 primary nodular adrenocortical hyperplasia causing Cushing's syndrome in an infant, 12 non-hyperfunctioning adrenocortical adenomas, and 4 adrenocortical carcinomas. The results showed a significant positive correlation between these two mRNAs in all adrenal tissues except adrenocortical carcinomas. Compared to normal adrenals, high p53 mRNA levels were observed in aldosterone-producing and Cushing's adenomas and, most markedly, in a tissue from a primary nodular adrenocortical hyperplasia. Also, Cushing's adenomas had significantly higher tTG mRNA contents. Immunohistochemistry for wild- type and mutant p53 protein showed numerous p53 positive cells with a strong nuclear staining in a tissue from a primary nodular adrenocortical hyperplasia, whereas the p53 positive cells were absent, except those with a faint nuclear staining, in all other adrenal tissues. However, all adrenal tissues showed detectable p53 contents by the more sensitive method of luminometric immunoassay (LIA). Using this method, aldosterone-producing adenomas exhibited significantly higher p53 contents than normal adrenal tissues. These observations may support potentially important roles for p53 and tTG in adrenal pathophysiology, especially in mechanisms which influence the evolution and/or progression of aldosterone-producing and Cushing's adenomas and, most probably, hyperplasias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume66
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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