Both monoclonal and polyclonal antiidiotypic antibodies mimicking the human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) associated antigen CO17-1A/GA733 have induced antigen-specific humoral and cellular immunity in CRC patients. The immune responses may underlie the clinical responses observed in some of the treated patients. Recently, the CO17-1A/GA733 antigen has been molecularly cloned and expressed in baculo-, adeno-, and vaccinia viruses. In preclinical studies, these recombinant antigen preparations elicited specific humoral immunity (cytotoxic antibodies) and cellular immunity (DTH-reactive and proliferative T cells). Antibody titers elicited in animals by recombinant antigen were significantly higher than those elicited by antiidiotypes. The recombinant antigen has a potential as a vaccine for CRC patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas