Clinical value of cytomorphologic, immunologic and cytogenetic investigations of acute leukaemias.

K. Pálóczi, K. Natonek, A. Mód, A. Poros, J. Földi, M. Magyar, R. Mihalik, J. Szelényi, M. Benczur, S. R. Hollán

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Abstract

The valuability of immunophenotyping of acute myeloid and lymphoid leukaemias in comparison to morphological and cytochemical classification were approached in 56 cases. In the case of acute myeloid leukaemias the immunophenotyping by monoclonal antibodies CD14, CD13, CD33 was less informative concerning the subtypes of the disease. The clinical diagnosis can be achieved on the basis of cytochemical investigation alone. In contrast, the diagnosis of lymphoid leukaemias requires all information obtained by immunophenotyping by a series of monoclonal antibodies CD3, CD2, CD4, CD8, CD1, CD19, CD20, CD21 and CD10. On the other hand, the monoclonal antibodies are essential in differentiation of the very immature myeloid and lymphoid leukaemias. This is of great importance from the clinical point of view for determining the therapy. Molecular genetic studies based on the characterisation of the state of gene rearrangement of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor beta chains have basic importance in the confirmation of the result of immunophenotyping and in the determination of leukaemias of unknown origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalHaematologia
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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