Clinical, MRI, and pathological features of polymicrogyria in chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome

László Sztriha, Renzo Guerrini, Brian Harding, Fiona Stewart, Nora Chelloug, Johan G. Johansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymicrogyria is a brain malformation due to abnormal cortical organization. Two histological types, unlayered or four-layered can be distinguished. Polymicrogyria is a rare manifestation of chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome. We report two boys with chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome and polymicrogyria, and describe the neuropathological features of the malformation in one of them. Clinical examinations, EEG, brain MRI, chromosomal analysis with FISH, and neuropathological studies of surgically resected cortical tissue were performed. Both patients showed severe developmental delay with cardiovascular malformations and one of them had drug resistant epilepsy. Polymicrogyria was found in the frontal, parietal, and temporal areas, unilaterally in one patient and bilaterally in the other. Histology revealed four-layered polymicrogyria. The pathogenesis of polymicrogyria in 22q11 deletion syndrome is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume127
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • 22q11 deletion
  • Cerebral cortical malformation
  • Four-layered polymicrogyria
  • Neuropathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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