It is stated by the author that clinical epidemiology is a new, special field of epidemiology, aimed at the prevention of infections and hospital epidemics occurring during hospital care. Clinical epidemiology deals especially with infectious diseases which occur firstly or exclusively during medical care; which are spreading in the majority by the doctor and the hospital attendants artificially; which involve in the first place the hospitalized patient particularly susceptible to infection; and which are brought about by instrumental or medicamentous methods, performed in the special hospital environment, involving manifold infectious dangers. Thus, the clinical epidemiology applies special methods, such as manifold performance of isolation, special information system of iatrogenic infections, special information system of hospital and ward planning, various hospital forms of sterilization and desinfection, of sepsis and asepsis, chemo and antibiotic prophylaxis, etc. In its practical work clinical epidemiology relies on epidemiology and its institutes, and in clinical practice in the first place on infectology. The prevention of iatrogenic infectious diseases is possible only on the basis of close collaboration of the clinician, the infectologist and clinical epidemiological experts.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1977|
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