Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies

Ádám Korösi, Viktor Markó, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, László Somay, Ákos Varga, Z. Elek, Virginie Boreux, Alexandra Maria Klein, Rita Földesi, A. Báldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change is altering the phenology of trophically linked organisms, leading to increased asynchrony between species with unknown consequences for ecosystem services. Although phenological mismatches are reported from several ecosystems, experimental evidence for altering multiple ecosystem services is hardly available. We examined how the phenological shift of apple trees affected the abundance and diversity of pollinators, generalist and specialist herbivores and predatory arthropods. We stored potted apple trees in the greenhouse or cold store in early spring before transferring them into orchards to cause mismatches and sampled arthropods on the trees repeatedly. Assemblages of pollinators on the manipulated and control trees differed markedly, but their overall abundance was similar indicating a potential insurance effect of wild bee diversity to ensure fruit set in flower-pollinator mismatch conditions. Specialized herbivores were almost absent from manipulated trees, while less-specialized ones showed diverse responses, confirming the expectation that more specialized interactions are more vulnerable to phenological mismatch. Natural enemies also responded to shifted apple tree phenology and the abundance of their prey. While arthropod abundances either declined or increased, species diversity tended to be lower on apple trees with shifted phenology. Our study indicates novel results on the role of biodiversity and specialization in plant-insect mismatch situations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5269
JournalPeerJ
Volume2018
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Herbivory
Malus
pollinating insects
Climate
natural enemies
Ecosystems
Arthropods
herbivores
apples
Biodiversity
Ecosystem
climate
Orchards
phenology
Greenhouses
Insurance
Fruits
Climate change
Climate Change
Bees

Keywords

  • Agro-ecosystems
  • Apple orchards
  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem services
  • Pest control
  • Phenological mismatch
  • Pollination
  • Trophic interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies. / Korösi, Ádám; Markó, Viktor; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó; Somay, László; Varga, Ákos; Elek, Z.; Boreux, Virginie; Klein, Alexandra Maria; Földesi, Rita; Báldi, A.

In: PeerJ, Vol. 2018, No. 7, e5269, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Korösi, Á, Markó, V, Kovács-Hostyánszki, A, Somay, L, Varga, Á, Elek, Z, Boreux, V, Klein, AM, Földesi, R & Báldi, A 2018, 'Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies', PeerJ, vol. 2018, no. 7, e5269. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5269
Korösi, Ádám ; Markó, Viktor ; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó ; Somay, László ; Varga, Ákos ; Elek, Z. ; Boreux, Virginie ; Klein, Alexandra Maria ; Földesi, Rita ; Báldi, A. / Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies. In: PeerJ. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. 7.
@article{0a653b47b45e4ac784673c9c5a966b41,
title = "Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies",
abstract = "Climate change is altering the phenology of trophically linked organisms, leading to increased asynchrony between species with unknown consequences for ecosystem services. Although phenological mismatches are reported from several ecosystems, experimental evidence for altering multiple ecosystem services is hardly available. We examined how the phenological shift of apple trees affected the abundance and diversity of pollinators, generalist and specialist herbivores and predatory arthropods. We stored potted apple trees in the greenhouse or cold store in early spring before transferring them into orchards to cause mismatches and sampled arthropods on the trees repeatedly. Assemblages of pollinators on the manipulated and control trees differed markedly, but their overall abundance was similar indicating a potential insurance effect of wild bee diversity to ensure fruit set in flower-pollinator mismatch conditions. Specialized herbivores were almost absent from manipulated trees, while less-specialized ones showed diverse responses, confirming the expectation that more specialized interactions are more vulnerable to phenological mismatch. Natural enemies also responded to shifted apple tree phenology and the abundance of their prey. While arthropod abundances either declined or increased, species diversity tended to be lower on apple trees with shifted phenology. Our study indicates novel results on the role of biodiversity and specialization in plant-insect mismatch situations.",
keywords = "Agro-ecosystems, Apple orchards, Climate change, Ecosystem services, Pest control, Phenological mismatch, Pollination, Trophic interactions",
author = "{\'A}d{\'a}m Kor{\"o}si and Viktor Mark{\'o} and Anik{\'o} Kov{\'a}cs-Hosty{\'a}nszki and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Somay and {\'A}kos Varga and Z. Elek and Virginie Boreux and Klein, {Alexandra Maria} and Rita F{\"o}ldesi and A. B{\'a}ldi",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7717/peerj.5269",
language = "English",
volume = "2018",
journal = "PeerJ",
issn = "2167-8359",
publisher = "PeerJ",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate-induced phenological shift of apple trees has diverse effects on pollinators, herbivores and natural enemies

AU - Korösi, Ádám

AU - Markó, Viktor

AU - Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó

AU - Somay, László

AU - Varga, Ákos

AU - Elek, Z.

AU - Boreux, Virginie

AU - Klein, Alexandra Maria

AU - Földesi, Rita

AU - Báldi, A.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Climate change is altering the phenology of trophically linked organisms, leading to increased asynchrony between species with unknown consequences for ecosystem services. Although phenological mismatches are reported from several ecosystems, experimental evidence for altering multiple ecosystem services is hardly available. We examined how the phenological shift of apple trees affected the abundance and diversity of pollinators, generalist and specialist herbivores and predatory arthropods. We stored potted apple trees in the greenhouse or cold store in early spring before transferring them into orchards to cause mismatches and sampled arthropods on the trees repeatedly. Assemblages of pollinators on the manipulated and control trees differed markedly, but their overall abundance was similar indicating a potential insurance effect of wild bee diversity to ensure fruit set in flower-pollinator mismatch conditions. Specialized herbivores were almost absent from manipulated trees, while less-specialized ones showed diverse responses, confirming the expectation that more specialized interactions are more vulnerable to phenological mismatch. Natural enemies also responded to shifted apple tree phenology and the abundance of their prey. While arthropod abundances either declined or increased, species diversity tended to be lower on apple trees with shifted phenology. Our study indicates novel results on the role of biodiversity and specialization in plant-insect mismatch situations.

AB - Climate change is altering the phenology of trophically linked organisms, leading to increased asynchrony between species with unknown consequences for ecosystem services. Although phenological mismatches are reported from several ecosystems, experimental evidence for altering multiple ecosystem services is hardly available. We examined how the phenological shift of apple trees affected the abundance and diversity of pollinators, generalist and specialist herbivores and predatory arthropods. We stored potted apple trees in the greenhouse or cold store in early spring before transferring them into orchards to cause mismatches and sampled arthropods on the trees repeatedly. Assemblages of pollinators on the manipulated and control trees differed markedly, but their overall abundance was similar indicating a potential insurance effect of wild bee diversity to ensure fruit set in flower-pollinator mismatch conditions. Specialized herbivores were almost absent from manipulated trees, while less-specialized ones showed diverse responses, confirming the expectation that more specialized interactions are more vulnerable to phenological mismatch. Natural enemies also responded to shifted apple tree phenology and the abundance of their prey. While arthropod abundances either declined or increased, species diversity tended to be lower on apple trees with shifted phenology. Our study indicates novel results on the role of biodiversity and specialization in plant-insect mismatch situations.

KW - Agro-ecosystems

KW - Apple orchards

KW - Climate change

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Pest control

KW - Phenological mismatch

KW - Pollination

KW - Trophic interactions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050581084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050581084&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7717/peerj.5269

DO - 10.7717/peerj.5269

M3 - Article

VL - 2018

JO - PeerJ

JF - PeerJ

SN - 2167-8359

IS - 7

M1 - e5269

ER -