The 30S nuclear RNP particles from rat liver have been shown to split the double-stranded- (ds) and single-stranded (ss) sequences of nuclear pre-mRNA. Experiments performed in vitro have demonstrated that 1) a 5′-exonuclease and an endonuclease specific for double-stranded pre-mRNA sequences exist in the 30S pre-mRNP particles; 2) in dsRNA monophosphorylated 5′-termini arose in the course of incubation with 30S RNP and most of the products remained double-stranded. The analysis of terminal pNp nucleotides revealed a relatively high ratio of pPyp in the cleaved dsRNA, whereas the nucleosides in 5′-terminal pNp of ssRNA showed nearly random distribution. Our results provide a possible explanation for the appearance of pNp termini during the processing of nuclear pre-mRNA of mammalian cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology